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高温高压下的纯流体和水系统的热物理属性

ISBN:
1-56700-212-9 (打印)

高温高压下的纯流体和水系统的热物理属性

A. I. Abdulagatov
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder

I. M. Abdulagatov
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder

A. N. Kamalov
Dagestan State University

描述

An enormous amount of heretofore unavailable data has been collected and presented in this large volume. The data covers thermal, caloric and transport properties for aqueous systems: light and heavy water, their mixtures, hydrocarbons, alcohols, aqueous salts, aqueous hydrocarbons and aqueous alcohol solutions - all at high and critical parameters. Experimental data, instrumentation, data analysis and methods of measurement are given and analyzed.
This book is designed for specialists in molecular physics, chemical technology and chemical and power engineering, as well as researchers, lecturers, postgraduates and students in technical colleges and universities.



1350 pages, ©2005

目录:

Annotation
Foreword
Introduction
1 Volumetric (<em>PVT</em>x) Properties of Pure Fluids and Aqueous Systems at High Temperatures and High Pressures, Including Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.1 Review of Available <em>PVT</em> Measurements for Light and Heavy Water, Pure Hydrocarbons, and Pure Methanol in the Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.1.1 Experimental <em>PVT</em> Data for Pure H<sub>2</sub>O and D<sub>2</sub>O in the Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.1.2 Experimental <em>PVT</em> Data for Pure Hydrocarbons in the Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.1.3 Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of Pure Light and Heavy Water. Experimental and Correlations
1.1.4 Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of Pure Hydrocarbons and Methanol. Experimental and Correlations
1.1.5 Vapor-Pressure Data for Pure Light and Heavy Water. Experimental and Correlations
1.1.6 Vapor-Pressure Data for Pure Hydrocarbons and Methanol. Experimental and Correlations
1.2 Review of Available <em>PVT</em>x Measurements for Near-Critical and Supercritical Aqueous Solutions. Phase Diagrams
1.2.1 Experimental Thermodynamic Data for H<sub>2</sub>O + D<sub>2</sub>O Mixtures
1.2.2 Thermodynamic Properties of Aqueous Hydrocarbon Mixtures in the Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.2.3 <em>PVT</em>x Properties of Aqueous Salt Solutions in Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.2.4 Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of 0.5H<sub>2</sub>O + 0.5D<sub>2</sub>O Mixtures
1.2.5 Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of Aqueous Hydrocarbon Mixtures
1.2.6 Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities for Aqueous Salt Solutions
1.2.7 Vapor-Pressure Data for Aqueous Hydrocarbon Mixtures. Phase Diagrams
1.2.8 Vapor-Pressure Data for Aqueous Salt Solutions. Phase Diagrams
1.3 Equations of State for Pure Fluids: Hydrocarbons and Light and Heavy Water
1.3.1 Fundamental Equation of State for Toluene
1.3.2 Nonanalytic Equation of State for Toluene
1.3.3 Tait-Type Equation of State for Toluene
1.3.4 Mamedov-Akhundov Equation of State for Toluene
1.3.5 Benedict-Webb-Rubin-Type Equation of State for Hydrocarbons
1.3.6 Bender Equation of State for Hydrocarbons
1.3.7 Multiparameter Equation of State for <em>n</em>-Alkanes
1.3.8 Virial Equation of State for <em>n</em>-Alkanes
1.3.9 Beattie-Bridgeman Equation of State for <em>n</em>-Heptane
1.3.10 Scaling Type Equation of State for Hydrocarbons near the Critical Point
1.3.11 Crossover Equations of State for Light and Heavy Water
1.3.12 Fundamental Equations of State for Light and Heavy Water (IAPWS-85 and IAPWS-95 Formulations)
1.4 Equations of State for Aqueous Solutions in the Critical and Supercritical Regions
1.4.1 Equations of State for Water + Hydrocarbon Mixtures
1.4.2 Crossover Equations of State for Aqueous Solutions near the Critical Points
1.4.3 Classical Pitzer's Equation of State for Aqueous Salt Solutions in the Critical Region
1.5 The Critical Properties of Pure Fluids and Binary Aqueous Systems
1.5.1 The Critical Properties of Pure Fluids: Light and Heavy Water, Hydrocarbons, and Alcohols
1.5.2 The Critical Properties of Binary Aqueous Systems
1.6 Method of Constant-Volume Piezometer for Measurements of Aqueous Systems at High Temperatures and High Pressures, Including Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.6.1 Experimental Apparatus and Procedures
1.6.2 The Results of <em>PVT</em> Measurements for Pure Fluids: Hydrocarbons, Methanol, Light and Heavy Water in the Supercritical Region
1.6.3 The Results of <em>PVT</em>x Measurements for Aqueous Systems in the Supercritical Region
1.6.4 Excess, Partial, and Apparent Molar Volumes for Water + Hydrocarbon and H<sub>2</sub>O + D<sub>2</sub>O Mixtures in the Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
1.6.5 Thermodynamic and Structural Properties of Dilute Aqueous Salt and Aqueous Hydrocarbon Mixtures near the Critical Point of Pure Water. The Krichevskii Parameter
2 Isochoric Heat Capacity of Aqueous Systems at High Temperatures and High Pressures, Including Near-Critical and Supercritical Conditions
2.1 Thermodynamic Background. Definitions, Basic Thermodynamic Relations Connected with Isochoric Heat Capacity
2.1.1 Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements and Structure of the Fundamental (<em>AVT</em>) and Thermal (<em>PVT</em>) Equations of State
2.1.2 Second Temperature Derivatives d<sup>2</sup>P<sup>S</sup>/dT<sup>2</sup> and the Vapor-Pressure Equation from Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements
2.1.3 Two-Phase Isochoric Heat Capacity and Behavior of the Second Temperature Derivatives of Chemical Potential d<sup>2</sup> μ K . dT<sup>2</sup>
2.1.4 Isochoric Heat Capacity and Derived Thermodynamic Properties at Saturation
2.1.5 Asymptotic and Nonasymptotic Scaling Behavior of the Isochoric Heat Capacity of Pure Fluids near the Critical Point
2.1.6 Asymptotic Scaling Behavior of the Isochoric Heat Capacity of Fluid Mixtures near the Critical Points
2.1.7 Singular Coexistence-Curve Diameter from Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements
2.1.8 Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements and Virial Coefficients
2.2 Review of Experimental Methods of Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements
2.2.1 High-Temperature and High-Pressure Integrating Nearly Constant-Volume Adiabatic Calorimeter for Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements
2.2.2 Features of Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements near the Phase Transition Points. Experimental Determination of Phase Transition Curves near the Critical Point. Method of Quasi-Static Thermograms
2.2.3 High-Temperature and High-Pressure Adiabatic Calorimeter for Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements
2.2.4 High-Temperature Adiabatic Calorimeter for Constant-Volume Heat Capacity Measurements of Liquids and Compressed Gases
2.3 Review of Available Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements for Pure Fluids: Light and Heavy Water, Hydrocarbons, and Methanol
2.3.1 Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements for Light Water
2.3.2 Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements for Heavy Water
2.3.3 Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements for n-Alkanes, Toluene, and Methanol
2.4 Review of Available Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements for Aqueous Solutions
2.4.1 Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements for H<sub>2</sub>O + D<sub>2</sub>O Mixtures
2.4.2 Experimental Isochoric Heat Capacity Data for Aqueous Hydrocarbon Mixtures
2.4.3 Isochoric Heat Capacity Measurements for H<sub>2</sub>O + Alcohol Mixtures
2.4.4 Experimental Isochoric Heat Capacity Data for Aqueous Salt Solutions
2.5 Extrema of Isochoric Heat Capacity of Pure Fluids: Light and Heavy Water and <em>n</em>-Alkanes
2.5.1 Isochoric Heat Capacity Extrema and Equation of State
2.5.2 Isochoric Heat Capacity Extrema and Virial Equation of State
2.5.3 Isochoric Heat Capacity Extrema for Light and Heavy Water
2.5.4 Isochoric Heat Capacity Extrema for <em>n</em>-Alkanes
2.5.5 Comparison of Experimental and Calculated by Fundamental EOS and CREOS Isothermal and Isochoric Maxima-Minima Loci of C<sub>V</sub>
2.6 Comparisons of the Experimental Isochoric Heat Capacity Data for Light and Heavy Water and Aqueous Salt Solutions with Fundamental and Crossover Equations of State. Deviation Plots and Deviation Statistics
2.6.1 Comparisons of the IAPWS and Crossover EOS for Light and Heavy Water with Experimental Specific Isochoric Heat Capacity Data
2.6.2 Comparisons of the EOS for <em>n</em>-Alkanes with Experimental Specific Isochoric Heat Capacity Data
2.6.3 Comparisons of the Crossover and Classical Pitzer's EOS with Experimental Specific Isochoric Heat Capacity Data for Aqueous Solutions
3 Thermal Conductivity of Light and Heavy Water and Aqueous Salt Solutions at High Temperatures and High Pressures
3. 1 Review of Available Thermal Conductivity Measurements for Light and Heavy Water and Aqueous Salt Solutions in the Liquid Phase
3.1.1 Thermal Conductivity Measurements for Light Water in the Liquid Phase
3.1.2 Thermal Conductivity Measurements for Heavy Water in the Liquid Phase
3.1.3 Thermal Conductivity Measurements for Aqueous Salt Solutions in the Liquid Phase at Atmospheric Pressure
3.1.4 Thermal Conductivity Measurements for Aqueous Salt Solutions in the Liquid Phase at High Pressures
3. 2 Parallel-Plate Technique for Thermal Conductivity Measurements of Light and Heavy Water and Aqueous Solutions at High Temperatures and High Pressures
3.3 Review of Correlations and Prediction Techniques for the Thermal Conductivity of Light and Heavy Water
3.3.1 Correlation of the Thermal Conductivity Data for Light and Heavy Water as a Function of Temperature
3.3.2 Correlation of the Thermal Conductivity Data for Light and Heavy Water as a Function of Temperature and Pressure
3.3.3 Correlation of the Thermal Conductivity Data for Light and Heavy Water as a Function of Temperature and Density
3.4 Review of Correlations and Prediction Techniques for the Thermal Conductivity of Aqueous Salt Solutions
3.4.1 Correlation of the Thermal Conductivity Data for Aqueous Salt Solutions as a Function of Temperature and Concentration
3.4.2 Correlation of the Thermal Conductivity Data for Aqueous Salt Solutions as a Function of Temperature, Pressure, and Concentration
3.4.3 Prediction Techniques for the Thermal Conductivity of Aqueous Salt Solutions at High Temperatures and High Pressures
3.5 Comparisons of the Experimental Thermal Conductivity Data with Prediction and Correlation Equations. Deviation Plots and Deviation Statistics
APPENDIX A Volumetric (<em>PVT</em>x) Properties of Pure Fluids and Aqueous Systems at High Temperatures and High Pressures
Table A1 Experimental <em>PVT</em> data for pure H<sub>2</sub>O in the critical and supercritical regions
Table A2 Experimental <em>PVT</em> data for pure hydrocarbons and methanol in the supercritical region
Table A3 Experimental <em>PVT</em>x data for H<sub>2</sub>O + D<sub>2</sub>O mixtures in the supercritical region
Table A4 Experimental <em>PVT</em>x data for aqueous hydrocarbon and methanol mixtures in the supercritical region
APPENDIX B Calorimetric (<em>C<sub>V</sub>VT</em>x) Properties of Pure Fluids and Aqueous Systems at High Temperatures and High Pressures
Table B1 Experimental isochoric heat capacity data for light and heavy water in the near-critical and supercritical regions
Table B2 Experimental isochoric heat capacity data for hydrocarbons, methanol, and ethanol in the critical and supercritical regions
Table B3 Experimental isochoric heat capacities (<em>CV'<sub>V1</sub>, CV''<sub>V1</sub>, CV'<sub>2</sub>, CV''<sub>2</sub></em>), densities (<em>ρ'<sub>S</sub>, ρ''<sub>S</sub></em>), and temperatures (<em>T<sub>S</sub></em>) at saturation for light and heavy water
Table B4 Experimental isochoric heat capacities (<em>CV'<sub>V1</sub>, CV''<sub>V1</sub>, CV'<sub>2</sub>, CV''<sub>2</sub></em>), densities (<em>ρ'<sub>S</sub>, ρ''<sub>S</sub></em>), and temperatures (<em>T<sub>S</sub></em>) at saturation for pure hydrocarbons, alcohols, and toluene
Table B5 Experimental isochoric heat capacities (<em>CV'<sub>V1</sub>, CV''<sub>V1</sub>, CV'<sub>2</sub>, CV''<sub>2</sub></em>), densities (<em>ρ'<sub>S</sub>, ρ''<sub>S</sub></em>), and temperatures (<em>T<sub>S</sub></em>) at saturation for aqueous solutions
Table B6 Second temperature derivative of the vapor pressure <em>d<sup>2</sup>P<sub>S</sub>/dT<sup>2</sup></em> derived from two-phase isochoric heat capacity measurements for pure fluids
Table B7 Experimental isochoric heat capacity data for 0.5H<sub>2</sub>O + 0.5D<sub>2</sub>O mixture in the near-critical and supercritical regions
Table B8 Experimental isochoric heat capacity data for aqueous salt solutions in the near-critical and supercritical regions
Table B9 Experimental isochoric heat capacity data for aqueous hydrocarbon mixtures in the near-critical and supercritical regions
Table B10 Experimental isochoric heat capacity data for aqueous alcohol solutions in the near-critical and supercritical regions
APPENDIX C Thermal Conductivity of Pure H<sub>2</sub>O and D<sub>2</sub>O and Aqueous Systems at High Temperatures and High Pressures
Table C1 Experimental thermal conductivity data for light and heavy water at high temperatures and high pressures
Table C2 Experimental thermal conductivity data for aqueous salt solutions at high temperatures and high pressures
APPENDIX D Thermodynamic Properties of Light and Heavy Water and Their Mixtures in the Critical and Supercritical Regions
Table D1 Isochoric heat capacities, densities, and pressures of light water at saturation at regular temperatures calculated from CREOS in the critical region
Table D2 Isochoric heat capacities, densities, and pressures of light water at saturation at regular pressures calculated from CREOS in the critical region
Table D3 Two- and one-phase isochoric heat capacity of light water along the critical isochore (ρ = 322.00 kgċm<sup>-3</sup>) calculated from CREOS
Table D4 Isochoric heat capacity of light water along the near-critical isochores at regular temperature increments calculated from CREOS
Table D5 Isochoric heat capacities, densities, and pressures of heavy water at saturation at regular temperatures calculated from CREOS in the critical region
Table D6 Isochoric heat capacities, densities, and pressures of heavy water at saturation at regular pressures calculated from CREOS in the critical region
Table D7 Two- and one-phase isochoric heat capacity of heavy water along the critical isochore (ρ = 356.00 kgċm<sup>-3</sup>) calculated from CREOS
Table D8 Temperatures, pressures, densities, isobaric and isochoric heat capacities, and speed of sound of heavy water at saturation calculated from CREOS in the critical region
Table D9 Isochoric heat capacity of heavy water along the near-critical isochores at regular temperature increments calculated from CREOS
Table D10 Temperatures, compositions, pressures, densities, and isochoric heat capacities of H<sub>2</sub>O + D<sub>2</sub>O mixture at saturation calculated from CREOS in the critical region
Table D11 Temperatures, pressures, isobaric heat capacities, and speed of sound of H<sub>2</sub>O + D<sub>2</sub>O mixture at saturation calculated from CREOS in the critical region
Table D12 Thermodynamic properties of H<sub>2</sub>O + D<sub>2</sub>O mixtures along the near-critical isochores at regular temperature increments calculated from CREOS
APPENDIX E
Experimental Values of the Critical Properties of Binary Aqueous Solutions
Critical Properties of Aqueous Gas Mixtures
Critical Properties of Aqueous Salt and Acid Solutions
Critical Properties of Aqueous Alcohol Solutions
Critical Properties of Aqueous Hydrocarbons Mixtures
References
Index