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Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics

ISBN:
1-57600-020-7 (打印)

Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics

Timothy P. Parr
Research Department, Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, CA 93555

描述

This volume selects over sixty papers presented at this symposium, and provides an excellent introduction to the state-of-the-art technology in non-intrusive combustion diagnostics for propulsion systems. As such, it is invaluable for researchers wishing to adopt the methods directly, to those interested in assessing the accuracy, advantages, and limitations of specific techniques, and to those seeking a starting point for new ideas toward advances in combustion diagnostics. Topics range from LIF and PLIF techniques to diagnostics of particles, gaseous reaction systems, and solid propellants. Also covered are diagnostics in practical combustion systems.



754 pages, © 1994

目录:

Preface
Steering Committee
CHAPTER 1: LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE (LIF AND PUF) TECHNIQUES
Invited Papers
Quantitative Absorption and Fluorescence Diagnostics in Combustion Systems
Quantitative LIF Diagnostics in Flames and Chemical Reactors
Contributed Papers
Species Concentration and Temperature Measurements by Single-Pulse Spontaneous Raman Scattering and 2D LIF Imaging in a Turbulent H2/Air Flame
Quantitative Two-Dimensional Single Pulse Measurements of Temperature and Species Concentrations Using LIF
Measurements of Rotational Energy Transfer in OH A v1 = 0 at Elevated Temperatures
Collisional Energy Transfer in OH (A2 ∑+): Investigations for Quantitative LIF Combustion Diagnostics
Laser-Induced Fluorescence Thermometry of Burning and Evaporating Fuel Droplets
Vacuum-UV CW-Resonance Fluorescence Studies on Laser Photodissociation of Hydrazine Fuels
Observation of Flow Instability in the Cone of Bunsen Flames by LIF
CHAPTER 2: COHERENT AND SPONTANEOUS RAMAN SPECTROSCOPIES
Invited Paper
CARS Temperature and Species Measurements in Propellant Flames
Contributed Papers
CARS Temperature Measurements in a Supersonic Ramjet Combustion Chamber
CARS Temperature Measurements in a Lean, Turbulent, 120 kW Natural Gas Flame
Measurements of the Flame Temperature of Solid Propellants Using the Single-Shot CARS Technique
Quantitative Nitric Oxide CARS Spectroscopy in Propellant Flames
Two Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Techniques for Measurement of OH in Laminar Flames from 1 to 9 Bar Compared with Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Absorption Measurements
Turbulent Flame Concentration and Temperature Measurements with Narrowband Excimer Laser Using 308 nm
CHAPTER 3: ABSORPTION AND EMISSION SPECTROSCOPIES
Invited Paper
Surface Pyrolysis Phenomena and Flame Diagnostics by FT1R Spectroscopy
Contributed Papers
FT-IR Spectrometry of Laminar, Premixed Hydrocatbon/Air Flames
Temperature and Concentration Measurements in Hostile Combusting Flows Using Multichannel Absorption Spectroscopy
Optical Methods for the Determination of Projecting Relative Radical Concentration and Soot Temperature
Emission Spectroscopy and Pyrometry of Propellant Flames and Rocket Plumes
Study of Relation Between Characteristic Length and Plasma Jet by Measuring the Electron Temperature
CHAPTER 4: HOLOGRAPHIC AND MICROWAVE INTERFEROMETRIES
Contributed Papers
Measurement of Three-Dimensional Temperature Fields by Heterodyne Holographic Interferometry
Development of a Broadband Microwave Interferometer for Diagnostic Measurements of Detonations
Tomographic Reconstruction of Velocity and Pressure Fields of Ignition and Explosion Gas Flows Based on Interferometric Measurements
CHAPTER 5: PARTICLE DIAGNOSTICS
Contributed Papers
Phase Doppler Particle Sizing Inside a Production Gas Turbine Combustor
Characterization and Diagnostics of Single Particles Oxidized in an Electrodynamic Chamber
Ignition and Combustion of Mg-Coated and Uncoated Boron Particles
Computerized Video Image Processing Technique for Droplet Combustion Studies
Soot Diagnostics Based on Simultaneous Measurements of Soot Particle Size and of its Temperature-Dependent Optical Constant in Flames
CHAPTER 6: X-RAY DIAGNOSTICS AND IMAGE ANALYSES OF COMBUSTION OF LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS
Contributed Papers
Real-Time X-Ray Radiography Study of Liquid Jet Breakup from Rocket Engine Coaxial Injectors
X-Ray Diagnostics Methods for Closed Liquid Metal Combustion: Real-Time Radiographic Experiments and Simulations
Transient Burning Behavior of a Solid Propellant
The Application of Color Image Processing in Studies of Dense Monopropellant Spray Combustion
Laser Mie Scattering for the Characterization of Diesel Injection Processes
CHAPTER 7: DIAGNOSTICS OF GASEOUS REACTION SYSTEMS
Contributed Papers
Laser Doppler Velocimetiy Measurements in a Laminar Counter Flow Premixed Double Flame: Comparison with Numerical Calculations
Comparison of Turbulent Diffusion Flame CARS Temperature Measurements and Reynolds Stress Model Prediction
Optical Analysis of Turbulent Heat Transfer in Disc-Stabilized Flames
Application of Non-Intrusive Diagnostic Methods to Sub- and Supersonic H2-Air-Flames
Schlieren Method of Optical Registration of Combustion to Detonation Transition in Gaseous Mixtures
CHAPTER 8: FLOW FIELD MEASUREMENTS AND VISUALIZATION
Invited Paper
Measurements of Differential Molecular Diffusion in Turbulent Nonpremixed Jet Flames of H2-CO2 Fuel
Contributed Papers
Investigation of the Flowfield of a Scramjet Combustor with Parallel H2-Injection Through a Strut by Particle Image Displacement Velocimetiy
Planar Mie Scattering Visualization of Reacting and Nonreacting Supersonic Coaxial Jets
Doppler Velocity Measurements Using a Phase Stabilized Michelson Spectrometer
Development of Laser Diagnostic Techniques for Full-Field Velocity Measurements
Temperature Measurement in Flat Laminar Premixed Gas/Air Flames by Laser Doppler Velocimetry
Imaging of Impinging Jet Breakup and Atomization Processes Using Copper-Vapor-Laser-Sheet-Illuminated Photography
CHAPTER 9: COMBUSTION DIAGNOSTICS OF SOLID PROPELLANTS
Invited Papers
Solid Propellant Flame Chemistry and Structure
Critical Review of Methods for Regression Rate Measurements of Condensed Phase Systems
Contributed Papers
Study on the Subatmospheric Burning Rate Characteristics of Composite Propellants
Diagnostic Tools for Studies on Bum Rate Behavior of Advanced Solid Propellants
Determination of Solid Propellant Burning Rate Sensitivity to the Initial Temperature by the Ultrasonic Method
Investigation on Solid Rocket Propellant Combustion by Laser Doppler Anemometry
Temperature Sensitivity Studies on Nitramine-Based Propellant
Laser Assisted High-Speed Shutter TV Camera for Investigations on Combustion of Aluminized Propellants
Non-Intrasive Temperature Measurement of Propellant Flames and Rocket Exhausts Analyzing Band Profiles of Diatomic Molecules
Experimental Studies on Rocket Exhaust Plumes: Support for Computed Simulation
CHAPTER 10: DIAGNOSTICS IN PRACTICAL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS
Contributed Papers
A Comparison of Some Optical and Spectroscopic Non-Intrusive Diagnostic Methods in Combustion Systems
Analysis of the Ignition Sequence of a Multiple Injector Combustor Using PLIF Imaging
Diesel Soot Characterization Based on Measurements of Polychromatic Scattering and Extinction Coefficients
Experimental Investigation into Transition from Combustion to Explosion of High-Energy Explosive Materials in a Shell
Determination of Explosive Transformation Power Under Transition from Combustion to Explosion of High-Energy Materials
Use of Acoustic Emission for Investigation into Ignition and Combustion of High-Energy Materials
Author Index