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Physical Chemistry of Aqueous Systems: Meeting the Needs of Industry

ISBN:
978-1-56700-034-4 (Druckformat)
978-1-56700-445-8 (Online)

Physical Chemistry of Aqueous Systems: Meeting the Needs of Industry

Beschreibung

Continuing a trend of covering an increasingly wide range of topics associated with water, steam, and high-temperature aqueous systems, the papers in this book cover: metastable states and nucleation, supercooled, superheated and stretched water, molecular modeling of aqueous systems, frontiers of physical chemistry of aqueous solutions, high-temperature aqueous systems including measurement techniques, hydrothermal oxidation, chemical processes in steam cycles, and plant cycle chemistry.



880 pages, © 1995

Inhaltsverzeichnis:

Acknowledgments
List of Participants
Introduction
List of Previous Conferences
Plenary Lectures
Significant Contributions of IAPWS to the Power Industry, Science and Technology
Fossil Fired Power Plant Technology, Its Trends and Future
Water: A Traditional Solvent Pregnant With New Applications
State of the Art in Fossil Plant Cycle Chemistry
State of the Art in Nuclear Plant Cycle Chemistry
Thermophysical Properties
A New Equation of State for Water as a Candidate for the New Scientific Formulation of IAPWS
Absolute Measurement of the Density of Water in the Range 0-85°C and 0.101325 MPA
The Density and Phase Behavior of Mixtures of Water With Simple Gases
Pseudospinodal Phenomena and Scaling of the Isochoric Heat Capacity of the Water in the Vicinity of the Critical Point Including the Metastable Region
Measurement of the Diffusion Coefficient of CO2 in High Pressure Water by the Taylor Dispersion Method
The Static Dielectric Constant of Water and Steam
Direct Description of Reference Data on Water and Steam Thermophysical Properties Using Pade Approximation
Calculations of Water and Steam Properties for Industrial Use
Need, Requirements and Concept for the Development of a New Industrial Formulation
Required Accuracies of the Inverse Equations, T(h,P) and T(s,P) for Superheated Steam, Determined by Power Cycle Calculations
Some Observations on the Thermodynamic Properties of Steam and The Interpretation of Some Thermodynamic Diagrams
Integration of Industrial and Scientific Formulations for the Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam
Development of Fundamental Equations G(P,T) and Backward Equations T(P,H) and T(P,S) for the New Industrial Formulation
A New Equation of State of Compressed Water for Industrial Use
New Thermodynamic Equation of Liquid Water for Industrial Use
A New Equation of State of Superheated Steam for Industrial Use
New Equations of Saturation Pressure and Saturation Temperature of Ordinary Water Substance
An Algorithm for Setting Up Numerically Consistent Forward and Backward Equations for Process Modelling
Improved Equations for Backward Functions T = f(p,h.), T = f(p,s,), Ts = f(p) - A Contribution to the IAPWS Project “New Industrial Formulation”
Simplified Functions for Quick Calculations of Steam and Water Properties
Molecular Modeling of Aqueous Systems
Spatial Structure in Liquid Water Under Normal and Critical Conditions
Simple Polarizable Models for Water
Solubility of Sodium Chloride in Supercritical Waler Predicted by Molecular Simulations
Computer Simulations of Supercritical Water Over a Wide Range of Densities
Molecular Simulation of Supercritical Aqueous Solutions
Computer Simulation of Water and the Dielectric Equation of State
Thermodynamics and Structure of Hydrophobic Hydration by Computer Simulation
Metastable Steam and Nucleation
New Nucleation Theories and Principle of Minimum Entropy Production
Background Gases and the Homogeneous Nucleation of Vapors
Experimental Investigations on Nucleation and Dropwise Condensation of Water Vapor by Means of a Pex-Tube
Nucleation and Growth Interaction in Adiabatically Lifting Cloud Parcel
Supercooled, Superheated and Stretched Water
Clathrate Structures and the Anomalies of Supercooled Water
Spectroscopic Evidence of Aggregative Properties in Deeply Supercooled Water
Neutron Diffraction Studies of Water in Ambient, Super-Cooled and Amorphous States
Influence of Pressure on the Structural Properties of Liquid D20
The Thermodynamics of Supercooled Water: A Critical Review
The Entropy of Glassy Water
Phase Behavior of Simulated Metastable Water: A New Thermodynamic Scenario
Limits of Stability of Metastable Water: Results From Lattice Models of Water
Random Network Models of Metastable Liquid Water
Physical Limit to the Stability of Superheated and Stretched Water
Raman Spectroscopy of Supercooled Water at High Pressures
High Temperature Measurement Techniques
The Need for and Application of High Temperature Measurement Techniques in Power Plants
Spontaneous Raman Spectroscopy for Power Plants
High Heatproof Insulation System used in High Temperature Steam Atmosphere
Potentiometric Studies at ORNL with Hydrogen Electrode Concentration Cells
Advances in Measuring Chemistry Parameters in High Temperature Aqueous Systems
High Temperatures pH Measurements in Dilute Aqueous Ammonia Solutions
Frontiers of Physical Chemistry of Aqueous Solutions
NMR Studies on the Effect of Temperature and Pressure on the Structure and Dynamics of Aqueous Systems
Neutron Diffraction Studies of Aqueous Solutions at High Temperatures and Pressures
Structures of Aqueous Solutions of Alcohols: New Results From Neutron Scattering
Structures of Water and Aqueous LiCl Solutions in Sub- and Super-Critical State by X-ray and Neutron Diffraction
Water Structure and Interaction Effects of the PEO-Water System
Ions in Steam and in Aqueous Clusters
Aqueous Electrolyte Modeling in ASPEN PLUSTM
D/H and 180/160 Partitioning Between Water Liquid and Vapor in the System H20-Na-K-Mg-Ca-Cl-S04From 0-350°C
Standard Partial Molar Heat Capacities and Volumes of Aqueous Divalent and Trivalent Ions from Measurements near 25°C
Electrical Conductivity Measurements of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions at High Temperatures and High Pressures
Thermodynamic Properties of Potassium Hydroxide Solutions
Thermodynamics of Aqueous Electrolytes at High Temperatures by the Isopiestic Technique
Phase Equilibria Studies of Ternary Water-Salt Systems at High Temperatures and Pressures
Thermal Conductivity of Aqueous Solutions of CaCl and MgCl2 at High Pressures
Hydrothermal Oxidation
Experimental Study of the PVTX-Properdes of the Binary System Carbon Dioxide-Water in the Supercritical Range
The NaCl-Na2S04-H20 System in Supercritical Water Oxidation
Phase Behavior and in-situ Density Determination in Concentrated Salt Solutions Under Hydrothermal Conditions
Supercritical Water Oxidation Kinetics: A Tale of Two Approaches
Hydrothermal Oxidation of Phenol
Solvation of Species of Varying Polarity in Supercritical Water: A Computer Simulation Study
Reduction of Nitrate and Nitrite Salts Under Hydrothermal Conditions
Spectroscopic Analysis of Reactions in Aqueous Solution at High Temperature/Pressure
Spontaneous Raman and CARS Spectroscopy of Supercritical Water Combustion
Hydrothermal Oxidation of Ammonium by Nitrate: A Raman Spectroscopic Study
Supercritical Water Oxidation of Chemical Agents, Propellants, and Other DOD Hazardous Wastes
Corrosion in Supercritical Water Oxidation Systems
Applications of Synthetic Fluid Inclusions in Supercritical Water Oxidation Research
Optical Monitoring of the Oxidation of Methane in Supercritical Water
Optical Probing of Hydrothermal Reactions and Flow Patterns in a High-Pressure Flow Reactor
Chemical Processes in Steam Cycles
Aqueous Ionic Equilibria to 350°C: Predictions Compared With Experiment
Partitioning of Solutes Between Liquid Water and Steam in the System {Na - NH3 -H - Cl} to 350°C
Relationship Between Boiler Water-Steam Distribution Coefficients and Dissociation Constants of Contaminants
Steam Nucleation Models for Impure Steam: Experimental Studies
Laboratory and Field Measurements of Droplet Nucleation in Expanding Steam
Condensation Effects in Transonic Flow Through Turbine Cascade
Investigations on the Early Condensate in Steam Turbines
Preliminary Study on Preconcentration of NaOH in Steam Due to Early Condensation
Plant Cycle Chemistry
Water Treatment for Utility Boilers - International Approaches
Assumption of Boiler Scale Growth Rate in Oxygenated Water Treatment
Effect of Boiler Feedwater Quality on Boiler Tube under Conditions of Oxygenated Water Treatment
Deposition in Power Plants - Mechanisms and Impact
Behaviour of Extremely Small Amount of Corrosive Ions in Cycle Water in a Fossil Plant and State-of-the Arts Condensate Management System for Fossil Plants
Lead Species and Lead Migration in PWR Secondary Circuit Conditions
Perspectives in VVER Primary Coolant Technology
Influence of Organics Thermolysis Products - Acetic and Formic Acids - On Distribution Ratios of Chlorides Between Water and Steam
A Potentiometric Study of the Hydrolysis of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid to 150°C
Determination of Low-Level Carbonic Acid in the Steam-Condensate Cycles of Fossil and Nuclear Power Plants
Characterization and Thermal Degradation of Natural Organic Matter in Steam-Condensate Cycles of CANDU-PHWR Plants
An Improved System of Processing Analytical Data of Power Cycle with Respect to Fault Diagnosis
Alternative Power Cycles
Thermodynamics of the Kalina Cycle and the Need for Improved Properties Data
Standard Thermophysical Properties of the Ammonia-Water Binary Fluid
OTEC System Using a New Cycle with Absorption and Extraction Processes
Appendix
Author Index
Subject Index