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Power Systems of East European Countries

ISBN:
1-57600-013-4 (Druckformat)

Power Systems of East European Countries

Yuri N. Rudenko
Department of Physico-Technical Problems of Energetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Beschreibung

The extension of territorial boundaries of inter-connected electric power systems provides for a more economically efficient utilization of fuel and energy resources. This, in turn, requires a substantial knowledge of the current status and prospects for developing an interconnected system between Eastern and Western Europe. This book is the result of a task force meeting addressing such topics as the power system planning in Western and Eastern countries, multiple-attribute optimization and interactive decision support systems, and a number of new issues associated with power system planning.



355 pages, © 1993

Inhaltsverzeichnis:

FOREWORD
1 CHARACTERISTIC OF INTERCONNECTED THE EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
1.1 Production and consumption of energy in the East European countries
1.2 General characteristic of IPS-EE
1.3 Main indices and parameters of NPSs of the East European countries
1.3.1 NPS of Bulgaria
1.3.2 NPS of Hungary
1.3.3 NPS of East Germany
1.3.4 NPS of Poland
1.3.5 NPS of Romania
1.3.6 IPS of the South of former USSR
1.3.7 NPS of Czecho-Slovakia
1.4 Payments of the exported and imported electric energy among NPS entering in I PS-EE
1.4.1 General considerations
1.4.2 A system of economic stimulation for maintaining coordinated operation of I PS-EE
1.5 Efficiency of interconnecting the national power systems into IPS-EE
1.5.1 Individual efficiency components of NPS interconnection
1.5.2 Total economic effect and economic efficiency criterion of interconnecting NPS
1.6 Possibilities for development of tie lines between NPS of Eastern and Western Europe
2 DISPATCHING CONTROL OF IPS-EE
2.1 Central dispatching department of IPS-EE
2.2 Organizational structures of dispatching control of NPS included into IPS-EE
2.3 Frequency control and power exchange
2.3.1 General information
2.3.2 Control of IPS-EE operating conditions at parallel operation of UPS of the f/USSR and other NPS of IPS-EE
2.3.3 Control of the IPS-EE conditions at independent operation of UPS of the f/USSR
2.3.4 Frequency correction of active power
2.3.5 Automatic control systems
2.4 Emergency control
2.4.1 General information
2.4.2 Devices of automatic separation
2.4.3 Devices of automatic splitting
2.4.4 Coordinating system of emergency control
2.4.5 Out-of-step protection (OSP)
2.4.6 Automatic Frequency load shedding
2.4.7 Automatic voltage rise limiter
2.5 Computer-aided systems of dispatching control (CADC) .
2.5.1 CADC of the upper levels of control
2.5.2 CADC of the lower control levels
2.5.3 Communication and information transmission devices
3 PROBLEMS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS AND METHODS USED IN CADC OF IPS-EE
3.1 Control problems (functions)
3.2 Data acquisition and processing when monitoring PS
3.2.1 Requirements to input data and ways to meet them
3.2.2 Methods of evaluating the status of PS
3.2.3 Methods of synthesizing data aquisition systems
3.3 Designs of electric conditions in PS
3.3.1 Equivalent simulation in calculations of steady-state conditions
3.3.2 Calculating steady-state condtions
3.3.3 Proximate-evaluation of steay-state stability of PS
3.3.4 Proximate-evaluation of the PS transient stability
3.4 Calculations and optimization of PS security
3.4.1 The security property and problems of investigating the PS security
3.4.2 Models of PS power resources provision assessment and of HPP power output planning
3.4.3 Optimization of the reserve marging in PS. Pecularities of problem solution
3.4.4 Power system reliability analysis. The main statements of the method
3.5 Optimization of PS regimes in normal conditions
3.5.1 A general approach to multi-stage control of normal operating conditions of PS
3.5.2 Methods of long-term and short-term optimization of PS operating conditions
3.5.3 Optimization of instantaneous operating conditions of PS
3.5.4 On-line correction of operating conditions of PS
4 METHODOLOGICAL BASE FOR MAKING DECISIONS ON IPS-EE DEVELOPMENT
4.1 Methodology of decision-making national-economic approach
4.1.1 Technology of PS development management
4.1.2 National-economic approach to the PS development management
4.2 Complex account of PS external links
4.3 Hierarchy of decisions and problems of power system development
4.4 Methods for accounting initial information uncertainty in power system development
5 METHODS AND MATHEMATICAL MODELS FOR MAKING DECISIONS ON IPS-EE DEVELOPMENT
5.1 Structure and interaction of mathematical models for decision making on PS development
5.1.1 General principles
5.1.2 The applied systems of mathematical models and programs
5.2 Electricity consumption forecasting
5.3 Optimization of the structure and variants of power plants development
5.3.1 Models for the development of NPS within energy complex
5.3.2 Models of the optimization of the structure of NPS generating capacities at the branch level
5.3.3 Models for selecting variants of power plants development
5.4 Optimization of development the main grids
5.4.1 General principles
5.4.2 Modeling the development of the main grids
5.5 Operative correction of project decisions
5.6 Problems of improving CADS
5.7 Computer-aided systems of scientific research on PS development
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
NOTATIONS