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Progress in Plasma Processing of Materials, 1997

ISBN:
1-56700-093-2 (Print)

Effect of process parameters on the thermal plasma production of fullerenes

T. Alexakis
Pegasus Refractory Materials, Inc., Montreal, Canada, H3J 1R4; McGill University, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Montreal, Canada, H3A 2A7

J. L. Meunier
McGill University, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Montreal, Canada, H3A 2A7

Peter G. Tsantrizos
Pegasus Refractory Materials, Inc., Montreal, Canada, H3J 1R4

Abstract

Fullerenes were produced by the thermal plasma dissociation of C2Cl4 via the PyroGenesis process. A plasma reactor, equipped with a non-transferred d.c. plasma torch was used to dissociate C2Cl4, thus forming a reactive cloud of C and a atoms and molecules. By controlling the reactor conditions, some carbon atoms recombine to form fullerenes in a soot which condenses on the water-cooled reactor wall. This paper describes the effect of various operating parameters on fullerene production.