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Progress in Plasma Processing of Materials, 1997

ISBN:
1-56700-093-2 (Print)

ACOUSTIC EMISSIONS STUDIES OF THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS DURING CYCLIC FOUR POINT BEND TESTS

Joel Voyer
Plasma Technology Research Center Department of Chemical Engineering Université de Sherbrooke Sherbrooke, Québec, JIK 2Rl Canada

Francois Gitzhofer
Plasma Technology Research Centre (CRTP), Department of Chemical Engineering University de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke (Quebec) CANADA J1K 2R1

Maher I. Boulos
Department of Chemical Engineering University of Sherbrooke, 2500 Blvd. de lUniversite Sherbrooke J1К 2R1, PQ - Canada

Josee Dionne
Pratt & Whitney Canada Inc. Longueuil, Quebec, Canada

Abstract

In this study, Acoustic Emission (AE) signals are used to monitor the degradation of plasma-sprayed Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBC) using cyclic four point bend tests. Signal analysis both in time and frequency domains is carried out in order to identify the key parameters which can be used to classify the acoustic emission signals as a function of the damage mechanisms. This classification offers a mean of prediction of the long-term behavior of the TBC based on the acoustic emission signal signature at the early stages of bench testing. Tests were performed on unnotched and perpendicularly notched samples in order to discriminate the AE from perpendicular cracks. Two broadband transducers are used for acquisition of acoustic emission signals. Measuring the time between signal detection by each of the two transducers provides a means of determination of the location of the source of the acoustic signals. A classification of the signals based on their energy and their maximum peak frequency is presented. A comparison is made between the degradation mechanisms of TBC under thermal cycling conditions that were presented elsewhere (1) and the results of four point bend tests presented here.