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Proceedings of Symposium on Energy Engineering in the 21<sup>st</sup> Century (SEE2000) Volume I-IV

ISSN:
1-56700-132-7 (Print)

FLOW PATTERN OF PURE REFRIGERANT HFC134a EVAPORATING IN A HORIZONTAL CAPILLARY TUBE

Kunio Kuwahara
The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science Yoshinodai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

Shigeru Koyama
International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan; Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga-koen 6-1, Kasuga-shi, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan

Jian Yu
Institute of Advanced Material Study, Kyushu University, Kasuga, 816, Japan

Choyu Watanabe
Electrotechnology Applications R&D Center Chubu Electric Power CO., INC.

Noburo Osa
Electrotechnology Applications R&D Center Chubu Electric Power CO., INC.

Abstract

In the present study, the characteristics of flow pattern are investigated experimentally for evaporation of pure refrigerant HFC134a in a capillary tube of 1.2mm I.D. The capillary tube consists of a heating-copper tube section and a glass-tube section, which is located at the right after the outlet of the heating section. The flow pattern is observed through the glass tube section in the ranges of mass velocity of G=80~1260 kg/(m2 s) and vapor quality of x=0.008~0.975 at a constant pressure of 920 kPa. The flow patterns observed are the bubble, the plug, the slug, the wavy-annular and the annular flow. These flow patterns are typical for a relatively large diameter tube used as the heat transfer tube in commercial refrigeration and air-conditioning systems. However the transition points between each flow pattern are different from the modified Baker map and the Taitel-Dukler map, which are proposed for a relatively large diameter.