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Proceedings of Symposium on Energy Engineering in the 21<sup>st</sup> Century (SEE2000) Volume I-IV

ISSN:
1-56700-132-7 (Print)

HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER IN FREE SURFACE FLOWS WITH SOLIDIFICATION

Andrey V Kuznetsov
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7910, Raleigh, NC 27695-7910, USA

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to discuss the theory of free surface flows with solidification. This type of open-channel flows is relevant to a number of important manufacturing processes, such as the horizontal continuous casting of carbon steel. Since carbon steel is a binary alloy, in formulating a mathematical model in addition to accounting for fluid flow and heat transfer, it is also necessary to account for the solute transport and for the two-phase region (the mushy zone) effects. Difficulties of the theory are discussed.