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Energy and the Environment, 1999

1-56700-127-0 (Print)


Zekai Sen
Istanbul Technical University, Meteorology Department, Atmospheric Environment Group, Maslak 80626, Istanbul, Turkiye


In general, pollutants may come from either natural or man-made sources and the term pollution is often restricted to considerations of water or air quality modifications by human actions especially when effluents are emitted from urban and industrial sources at excessive rates that endanger self-purifying processes currently and naturally prevailing in the atmosphere and hydrosphere. The interaction of atmosphere and hydrosphere through hydrologic and meteorological cycles disperse pollutants high in the atmosphere such as in the stratosphere and deep in the lithosphere as in groundwater resources. In spite of the technological advance that man has achieved, there is hardly a phase of his activity that does not pollute or contaminate the environment he lives in. The clearest illustrations of the adverse influence of pollution on human health occur during the acute outbreaks of pollution associated with foggy and dusty weather and outfalls of industrial or urban centers or artificial fertilizers used in agricultural areas which may contaminate the ground water resources. This paper will present a general state-of-art information concerning the air and water pollution affects on the human health and also will suggest necessary measures towards protection from their adverse affects.