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Progress in Plasma Processing of Materials, 2003

ISBN:
978-1-56700-192-1 (Print)
978-1-56700-447-2 (Online)

PLASMA SYNTHESIS OF NANOCARBONS

A. Huczko
Department of Chemistry, Warsaw University, 1 Pasteur st., 02-093 Warsaw, Poland

H. Lange
Department of Chemistry, Warsaw University, 1 Pasteur st., 02-093 Warsaw, Poland

G. Cota-Sanchez
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares. Carr. Mexico-Toluca km 36.5, Salazar, Edo. Mex., 52045 Mexico; and Department of Chemical Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke. 2500 Blvd. de l'Université, Sherbrooke,J1K 2R1, Canada

Gervais Soucy
Department of Chemical Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke. 2500 Blvd. de l'Université, Sherbrooke, J1K 2R1

Abstract

Nanocarbons (fullerenes, nanotubes, "carbon onions", encapsulates,...) are efficiently produced by using a sublimation of carbon-bearing materials followed by the condensation of a carbon gas. Due to the very high sublimation temperature of carbon (close to 4000 K) different thermal plasma techniques (e.g., arc and radio frequency discharges, laser excitation) have been successfully demonstrated for synthesis of gram quantities of these nanomaterials. Non-thermal plasmas have also been reviewed as a source of aligned elongated nanocarbons.