Heat Exchanger Design Handbook 2008 (HEDH 2008)
The Heat Exchanger Design Handbook (HEDH) had its origins in the 1970s when, under the chairmanship of Professor Ernst Schlilnder, a group of us began to discuss the possibility of a handbook dealing with all aspects of heat exchanger design and operation including the basic design methodology, the associated heat transfer and fluid flow technology and the physical data required for design. This led to the adoption of a structure consisting of 5 Parts as follows:
PART 1. HEAT EXCHANGER THEORY
This part describes the heat exchanger types and defines quantitative relationships for solving of the equations for heat balance and temperature differences. It provides a unique collection of charts for mean temperature differences in industrial heat exchanger configurations. New methods and computer applications have been added for, among others, exchangers with three tube-side passes and applications for spiral and bayonet-type equipment.
Also, newly developed methods for baffle design have been added and a new Section p rovided for Exergy Analysis and Entropy Generation to supplement the earlier presentation of Pinch Analysis. All three technologies stress the importance of the thermodynamic overview of the heat transfer process.
PART 2. FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
This essential part of the 2002 Handbook provides the basic information on topics such as single and two phase fluid flow, convective heat transfer, radiative heat transfer, condensation, boiling, etc. The present edition has been extensively revised and extended. CFD techniques are covered, as is turbulence modeling. Both liquid and gas fluidized bed sections have been expanded, as has the Section dealing with non-Newtonian flow. Multiphase flow has been revised and updated. Pressure drop prediction methods have been brought to current practice levels.
Single-phase heat transfer in ducts and cross-flow is one of the keystone areas for heat exchanger design. It has been rearranged to include smooth straight tubes, annuli, and tube banks and new dimensionless correlations. Packed beds have been extensively covered.
A new major section on porous media is presented. Multiphase heat transfer is thoroughly covered. Enhancement has been included. Industrial boiling equipment and design are presented in depth and new equations and systems are discussed. Deterioration of heat transfer coefficients in multicomponent systems is analyzed. Dynamically and statically stable foams are covered in new sections, with prediction of low-energy consumption
PART 3. THERMAL AND HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF HEAT EXCHANGERS
General heat exchanger design deals with the full gamut of heat exchanger types ranging from shell-and-tube exchangers to cooling towers, from reboilers to condensers, from agitated vessels to furnaces, New sections describe the selection, rating and design are stressed with computer algorithms for exchangers included. New and modern flow stream method is described as a replacement for the Bell-Delaware system for use with commercial computer codes. New sections on reboilers and falling-film evaporators are presented as are new upgrades of cooling towers. A totally new and comprehensive section on fouling has been printed with emphasis on the industrial applications.
PART 4. MECHANICAL DESIGN OF HEAT EXCHANGERS
Basic mechanical principles, materials of construction, design codes, testing and inspection, costing, flanges, tube-to-tube attachments, etc. are treated in this section. Major revisions have been included ion the present edition of HEDH 2002. A new Section of proposed European standard for unfired pressure vessels has been added, introducing new ISO work. Software for design is discussed together with various new information on new titanium metal and titanium alloys. Heat exchanger costing on the basis of per unit heat transfer surface is presented. Comparisons between heat exchanger types are included. Numerical examples are cited. Gasket materials are classified and analyzed. External insulation and protection are discussed.
PART 5. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
The availability of physical property data on the materials of construction of heat exchangers and on the fluids passing through them has always been one of the most troublesome aspects of the equipment design process. This self-standing part of the HEAT EXCHANGER DESIGN HANDBOOK 2002 addresses this problem by providing information and, more importantly, wide-ranging tabular data on a great variety of substances and properties.
Part 5 gives data on all relevant vapor and liquid properties along the saturation curve. Also, data for subcooled liquids and superheated gases are given in numerous tables.
Data on density, specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity have been greatly expanded to include latent heat of vaporization, saturated vapor pressure, Prandtl number, surface tension and thermal expansion coefficient. Also, new data on the physical properties of superheated gases at atmospheric pressure are tabulated including a myriad of physical and thermal properties. This volume is truly an indispensable tool for heat exchanger designers.
Five Volume Set: