Chemistry and Technology of Oil Refining
Your attention is invited to a textbook intended for bachelors, masters, postgraduates,
students of petroleum secondary schools, specialists in the field of oil refining and
petrochemicals, scientists working at universities and research institutes.
A textbook of this sort was published for the last time about 30 years ago, in
1985, i.e., during the Soviet Era. Since then major changes in oil-refining technologies
have occurred; the requirements to petroleum product quality and their environmental
properties have been raised. Hydrogenation and thermal catalytic processes have been
widely implemented, an oil conversion ratio has been rapidly increased, there have
been a significant growth in the field of process automation, and the methods of refinery
design have been changed.
This textbook fills in the resultant gap. It covers a wide range of problems related
to oil refining. A wide range of modern basic processes for petroleum feedstock
conversion is presented and set forth in Layman's terms; the emphasis is on efficient
technologies for processing oil residues.
The textbook gives sufficiently complete characteristics of the modern oil conversion
processes. Particular attention was given to process flow diagrams of process
units; modes and features of vessel operation were reviewed in detail; chemism and
mechanisms of basic reactions are presented for every process. The textbook discusses
in detail the issues related to the use of modern catalysts and states the effect of
changing the feedstock composition on the catalyst activity. The chapters dealing with
the configurations of modern refineries are of considerable interest. The detailed description
of off-site facilities is especially noteworthy.
The reason for the relevancy of the textbook is that nowadays the RF Government
has set a task to carry out the speedy modernization of the Russian oil-refining
industry aimed at improving the petroleum product quality, in order to bring it up to
the European norm requirements and drastically increase the oil conversion ratio.
I am certain that the publication of Chemistry and Technology of Oil Refining
textbook by V. N. Kapustin and M. G. Rudin will be a significant event in the higher
S. N. Khadzhiev
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences
A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences