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Data For Discovery

ISBN:
1-56700-002-9 (Imprimir)

Data For Discovery

Descripción

Since 1968 the ICSU Committee on Data for Science and Technology has held a conference every two years to bring together individuals concerned with the evaluation, storage, and dissemination of scientific and technical data. These conferences have provided an opportunity for those concerned with data in various disciplines of science, as well as specialists in information technology, to exchange ideas and report on recent developments. The conferences have formed one of the key mechanisms by which CODATA carries out its mission to improve the quality, reliability, management, and accessibility of data of importance to all fields of science and technology. The Twelfth International CODATA Conference was held in Columbus, Ohio, July 15-19, 1990, and was attended by over 300 scientists from 26 countries. This volume contains selected papers of long-term value prepared by some of the speakers at the Conference. A major theme of the Conference was the data requirements for the rapidly growing studies of man's impact in the biosphere and geosphere. Research on global change is data-intensive; observations of the earth's surface from satellites, geological studies of long-term climate changes, and monitoring of the constituents of the atmosphere and oceans generate enormous quantities of data. Other data from the physical and biological sciences are needed as input to models for predicting environmental changes. The first section of this volume contains papers dealing with plans and programs for the quality control, storage, generation, dissemination, and use of the data involved in major aspects of global change. The second section of the book contains papers on generic aspects of data handling, including expert systems, storage and retrieval strategies, and knowledge tools. New developments in information technology which may have application to various types of scientific data management are discussed. Subsequent sections deal with database developments in specific scientific fields, particularly in materials science, chemistry and chemical engineering, and molecular biology. Finally, there are several papers reviewing CODATA's role in international data management programs.

Tabla de Contenidos

SOCIAL IMPERATIVES FOR GLOBAL CHANGE STUDIES
Peter S. Thacher
pages 1-10
$35.00
A NATIONAL GLOBAL CHANGE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT STRATEGY
Ferris Webster
pages 11-23
$35.00
TECHNOLOGY RECONCILIATION [1] IN THE REMOTE-SENSING ERA OF U.S. CIVILIAN WEATHER FORECASTING 1957-1987.
Margaret Eileen Courain
pages 24-34
$35.00
THE GLOBAL CHANGE DATABASE PROJECT: A PILOT DISKETTE PROJECT FOR AFRICA
Michael A. Chinnery, John J. Kineman, David A. Hastings, Herbert Meyers
pages 35-42
$35.00
OVERVIEW OF THE U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S ARM PROGRAM
Gerald M. Stokes, Joyce L. Tichler
pages 43-50
$35.00
ECO-ENVIRONMENT CHANGE MONITORING IN CHINA
Wang Changyao
pages 51-56
$35.00
GENERATION OF A SPATIAL DATABASE OF CLIMATIC VARIABLES IN A DEVELOPING REGION
S.D. Lynch , M.C. Dent, R.E. Schulze
pages 57-63
$35.00
OPERATIONAL DATA MANAGEMENT AT THE EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS (ECMWF)
J. K. Gibson
pages 64-73
$35.00
A SPATIAL DATABASE FOR AN IMAGE UNDERSTANDING SYSTEM
D.C. Mason, C. Angelikaki, S.B.M. Bell, M. Illingworth, E. Pearson, C. Oddy, K. Preedy, A.J. Rye
pages 74-87
$35.00
INTEGRATION OF VECTOR AND RASTER DATA AND MODULES
David J. Abel , Murray A. Wilson
pages 88-93
$35.00
KNOWLEDGE BASED PATTERN RECOGNITION: APPLICATION TO LANDSAT AND SPOT/STEREO DIGITAL DATA ON CHINA
Claude Bardinet, Wei Luo, F. Martel, H. Maitre, F. Perlant, Yi Feng Wu , Zheng Yu
pages 94-106
$35.00
COMPUTERIZED SYSTEM FOR GEOINFORMATION COLLECTION AND PROCESSING (Project)
A.S. Alekseev, O.L. Kuznetsov , V.A. Sirotyuk
pages 107-114
$35.00
OBJECT-ORIENTED KNOWLEDGE BASE SYSTEMS
F.J. Smith , S.R. Tripathy
pages 115-128
$35.00
KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS AND DEDUCTIVE DATABASES
Helene Bestougeff
pages 129-135
$35.00
NEW NUMERIC DATA RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS
Andreas Barth
pages 136-144
$35.00
STN INTERNATIONAL: STRATEGIES FOR DISCOVERY ASSISTANCE
Nick Farmer
pages 145-152
$35.00
THE USE OF OPTIMAL ESTIMATION FOR GROSS ERROR DETECTION IN DATABASES OF SPATIALLY CORRELATED DATA
C.C. Tscherning
pages 153-162
$35.00
THE CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE SCIENTIFIC DATABASE SYSTEM AT THE CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Luo Baichang
pages 163-168
$35.00
MOLECULAR SHAPE REPRESENTATION AND CODES
A. Panaye
pages 169-178
$35.00
TOPOLOGY AND TOPOGRAPHY CONCEPTS IN CONFORMATION ELUCIDATION
J.P. Doucet , V. Sabart
pages 179-189
$35.00
RECENT ADVANCES IN THE AUTOMATED STRUCTURE ELUCIDATION SYSTEM - CHEMICS
Shin-ichi Sasaki , Kimito Funatsu
pages 190-205
$35.00
EXTRACTING GENERIC KNOWLEDGE FROM SPECIFIC STRUCTURE/ SPECTRUM DATA BANKS. CASE OF A 13C NMR DATA BANK
Michel Carabedian, Jacques-Emile Dubois
pages 206-210
$35.00
GLOBAL TRENDS IN MATERIALS DATA MANAGEMENT: REGIONAL OVERVIEW, WESTERN EUROPE
Keith W. Reynard
pages 211-218
$35.00
CURRENT ACTIVITY IN NORTH AMERICA ON NUMERICAL DATABASES ON MATERIALS PROPERTIES
J. H. Westbrook
pages 219-232
$35.00
GLOBAL TRENDS IN MATERIALS DATA MANAGEMENT: REGIONAL OVERVIEW OF PRC
Xu Zhihong
pages 233-238
$35.00
HOW TO INTRODUCE COMPUTERIZED FACTUAL MATERIALS INFORMATION: A SMALL COUNTRY POINT OF VIEW
Aki E. Valkonen
pages 239-252
$35.00
GLOBAL TRENDS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DATA ON MATERIALS -AN OVERVIEW
Anthony J. Barrett
pages 253-263
$35.00
ISSUES IN NETWORKING MATERIALS DATABASES
J. G. Kaufman
pages 264-275
$35.00
STANDARDS FOR MATERIALS DATABASES: AN INTERNATIONAL CONCERN
N. Swindells, H. Krockel
pages 276-285
$35.00
DATABASE STANDARDS AND DATA MODELS -A MATERIALS VIEW AND MORE
John Rumble, Jr.
pages 286-295
$35.00
THE INFORMATION BASE SYSTEMS FOR MATERIALS RESEARCH
Yuzuru Fujiwara, Nobuo Ohbo, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Kazunori Yamaguchi
pages 296-303
$35.00
MATERIALS DATA INTERCHANGE USING TABULAR FORMATS
Philip M. Sargent
pages 304-311
$35.00
GMELIN HANDBOOK OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY - RELATION OF PLANNED ELECTRONIC AND PRINTED VERSIONS AND FUTURE POLICY
Ekkehard Fluck
pages 312-320
$35.00
DETHERM: THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTY DATA FOR THE OPTIMIZATION OF HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT
David F. Ilten
pages 321-326
$35.00
DIPPR IN ITS ELEVENTH YEAR
T. B. Selover
pages 327-337
$35.00
KNOWLEDGE BASED ORGANIC PHYSICAL PROPERTY DATA SYSTEM
Qian Dong, Zhihong Xu, Xinjiang Yan, Xiaoxia Li, Li Guo
pages 338-346
$35.00
DATABASES: INDISPENSABLE TOOLS FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Dieter Rehm
pages 347-360
$35.00
CHEMICAL DATA USED IN PROCESS CONTROL: INDUSTRIAL NEEDS
Marcelle Gaune-Escard
pages 361-365
$35.00
THERMODYNAMIC AND TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF GASES FOR COMPUTER AIDED ENGINEERING
Ludwig Silberring
pages 366-380
$35.00
THERM: THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTY ESTIMATION FOR GAS PHASE RADICALS and MOLECULES
Edward R. Ritter, Joseph W. Bozzelli
pages 381-391
$35.00
COMPUTATIONAL MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Arthur M. Lesk
pages 392-394
$35.00
SEQUENCE DATABANKS: TOWARDS A DE FACTO NETWORK
W. C. Barker, D.G. George
pages 395-399
$35.00
MOLECULAR-GENETICS DATABASE AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT IN THE SOVIET UNION: THE PROBLEM OF DATABASE INTEGRATION
A. A. Alexandrov
pages 400-404
$35.00
PHARMACOLOGICAL DATA BANKS, VALIDATION TECHNICS
C. Mercier, Jacques-Emile Dubois
pages 405-408
$35.00
THE CARCINOGENICITY INFORMATION DATABASE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SUBSTANCES (CIDES)
Mildred Green
pages 409-414
$35.00
LANGUAL: AN AUTOMATED METHOD FOR DESCRIBING, CAPTURING AND RETRIEVING DATA ABOUT FOOD
Thomas C. Hendricks
pages 415-429
$35.00
A HISTORY OF DATA RECORDING, ANALYSIS, AND DISSEMINATION
J. H. Westbrook
pages 430-460
$35.00
PERSPECTIVES ON CODATA
Edgar F. Westrum, Jr.
pages 461-467
$35.00
CODATA PERSPECTIVES FOR THE 1990'S
David R. Lide
pages 468-471
$35.00
PERSPECTIVES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS FROM CODATA '90
Margaret Eileen Courain
pages 472-476
$35.00