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Heat and Mass Transfer in Chemical Process Industry Accidents

ISBN:
978-1-56700-058-0 (Imprimer)
978-1-56700-433-5 (En ligne)

Heat and Mass Transfer in Chemical Process Industry Accidents

A. Naviglio
Department of Energy, University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Description

Papers from a symposium that focused on the physical phenomena of chemical plant accidents: fires, irradiation, convection, cloud formation, explosions, toxic diffusion, and more.



466 pages, © 1996

Table des matières:

Preface
Welcome addresses:
Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri - Dipartimento della Protezione Civile
President of the Accademia dei XL
Vice-President of the Accademia dei XL
Invited Lecture: Dr. AJ.J. TIMMERMANS (EPSC, U.K.) 'RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR PROCESS SAFETY'
Invited Lecture: Prof. J.E.S. VENART (Univ. of New Brunswick, Canada): 'FLIXBOROVGHTWENTY YEARS LATER-THE LESSONS TO BE LEARNED'
Discussion on the Invited Lectures
Technical session A: Two-phase Flows - Safety and Relief Valves Chairman: R NIJSING
MODELLING OF THE TWO PHASE MOMENTUM JET CLOSE TO THE BREACH IN THE CONTAINMENT VESSEL OF A LIQUEFIED GAS (paper P8)
MODELLING BOIUNG DELAY AND TRANSIENT LEVEL SWELL DURING EMERGENCY PRESSURE RELIEF OF LIQUEFIED GASES (paper PI2)
EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF FLASHING WATER FLOW THROUGH A SAFETY VALVE (paper PI 9)
FULL SCALE DEPRESSURIZATION OF A SECTION OF A RISER PLATFORM. MEASUREMENTS AND COMPARISON WITH SIMULATIONS (paper P21)
EMERGENCY PRESSURE RELIEF CALCULATIONS USING THE COMPUTER PACKAGE: RELIEF (paper P36)
THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF REACTOR TOP VENTING OF mO PHASE REACTION SYSTEMS WITH LOW LIQUID VISCOSITY (paper P48)
THE BLOWDOWN OF PRESSURIZED CONTAINERS (paper P54)
SIMULATION OF PRESSURIZATION ACCIDENTS IN AMMONIA STORAGE TANKS (paper P60)
Technical session B: Fires and Explosions Chairman: J.E.S. VENART
A SIMPLE BLAST-WAVE-MODEL FOR BURSTING SPHERES BASED ON NUMERICAL SIA’IULA TION (paper PI I)
MEASUREMENTS OF RADIATION HEA T FL UX FROM LARGE SCALE FLARES (paper P20)
THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF COMBUSTION TO DETONATION TRANSITION IN CHEMICALLY ACTIVE GAS MIXTURES IN CLOSED VESSELS (paper P30)
EFFECTIVENESS OF DELUGE SYSTEMS IN PROTECTING PLANT AND EQUIPMENT IMPACTED BY HIGH-VELOCITY NATURAL GAS JET FIRES (paper P33)
THE MEXICO CITY DISASTER: AN APPRAISAL OF ITS CAUSES AND CIRCUMSTANCES (paper P7)
ONE DIMENSIONAL MODELS OF TORCH FIRES: UPMFIRE AND TORCIA (paper P35)
INVESTIGATION INTO AN EXPLOSION AND FIRE IN A MONONITROTOLUENE MANUFACTURING PLANT (paper P39)
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF EXPLOSION PHENOMENA IN INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENTS (paper P49)
THE BOILING LIQUID COLLAPSED BUBBLE EXPLOSION (BLCBE): A PRELIMINARY MODEL (paper P53).
POOL FLAMES OVER THE SURFACE OF POROUS LAYER SOAKED WITH LIQUID FUELS (paper P59)
Technical session C: Thermal-Hydraulic Aspects Chairmen: M. CUMO, A. NAVIGLIO
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF SPONTANEOUS NUCLEATION, VAPOUR GENERATION AND HEAT TRANSFER IN WATER AND ORGANIC FLUIDS DURING TRANSIENT BOILING ON A RAPIDLY HEATED SURFACE (paper P4)
A STUDY OF VAPOUR FORMATION STRUCTURE IN OF WATER AT HIGH SUPERHEATING (paper P5)
QUALIFICATION OF A CONDENSATION MODEL IN PRESENCE OF INCONDENSIBLE GAS IN CATHARE CODE (paper P9)
PRESSURE PEAKS GENERATION AND INTERPHASE PROCESS IN VAPOUR-LIQUID MEDIUM (paper P34)
DIRECT CONTACT CONDENSATION OF VAPOUR ON UQU1D LAYER WITHIN THE THERMAL DEVELOPING REGION (paper P42)
DRAGON: LPGRAIL TANK FAILURE ANALYSIS (paper P55)
DENSE GAS SIMULA TION FLOWS OVER ROUGH SURFA CES (paper P56)
Technical session D: Heat and Mass Transfer in Chemical Reactions Chairman: S. DI CAVE
REMOVAL OF TOXIC COMPONENTS IN GAS FLOW USING PLASMA SOURCES OF CHEMICALLY ACTIVE MOLECULES (paper P26)
ON THE USE OF PULSED STREAMER CORONA DISCHARGE FOR REMOVAL OF TOXIC COMPONENTS IN GAS MIXTURES (paper P27)
EMERGENCY PRESSURE RIZE IN COMBUSTION OF SOUD PROPELLANTS WITH DEFECTS (paper P 29)
NORDIC EXPERIENCES CONCERNING APPLICATION OF THERMOCHEMICAL HAZARD IDENTIFICATION METHODS IN THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY (paper P37)
IMPACT OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS UPON HEA T TRANSFER (paper P43)
THERMOCHEMICAL PROTECTION IN COMBUSTION SYSTEMS (paper P46)
HEA T AND MASS TRANSFER IN EXTINCTION OF GASIFYING PROPELLENTS (paper P57)
Technical session E: Clouds Dispersion Chairman: J.C.F. PEREIRA
CLOUD: A VAPOUR-AEROSOL DISPERSION MODEL ACCOUNTING FOR PLUME 3D MOTION AND HEA T AND MASS TRANSFER BETWEEN PHASES (paper PIO)
WIND TUNNEL SIMULATION OF AMMONIA RELEASE TRANSPORT PROCESSES (paper PI8)
NUMERICAL CALCULA TIONS OF UNSTEADY HEA VY GAS DISPERSION (paper P23)
FORMATION, PROPAGATION AND DISPERSION OF CLOUDS OF TOXIC PARTICLES OR EVAPORATING UQU1D DROPLETS IN THE ATMOSPHERE (paper P28)
A DENSE VAPOUR DISPERSION CODE PACKAGE FOR APPLICATIONS IN THE CHEMICAL AND PROCESS INDUSTRY (paper P32)
Conclusions and Closing Remarks
List of Participants