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Nuclear Proliferation Risks and the Problem of Reactor-Grade Plutonium

ISBN:
978-1-56700-274-4 (Imprimer)

Nuclear Proliferation Risks and the Problem of Reactor-Grade Plutonium

Description

This book addresses the various issues associated with the buildup of reactor-grade plutonium in nuclear power reactors and analyzes its properties critical to the nuclear proliferation risks. An independent "inventory check" of reactor-grade plutonium production is performed according to the types of plutonium, nuclear reactors and countries, and a new approach to the identification of proliferation risks associated with different types of reactor-grade plutonium is presented. The book is intended for those who deal with non-proliferation and security issues, nuclear power engineering and production, and for students and professors.

Table des matières:

PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
1. CRITICAL MASS
2. BUILDUP OF OTHER ACTINIDES
3. RADIATION EFFECTS
4. HEAT RELEASE
5. RADIATION SAFETY
5.1. Gamma emission
5.2. Neutron emission
6. NUMERICAL MODEL FOR CALCULATING THE BUILDUP OF PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES
7. CHARACTERISTICS OF PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION IN PWR REACTORS
8. CHARACTERISTICS OF PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION IN BWR REACTORS
9. CHARACTERISTICS OF PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION IN PHWR REACTORS
10. CHARACTERISTICS OF PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION IN GCR REACTORS
11. ESTIMATED BUILDUP OF PLUTONIUM IN NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS
11.1. General approaches to the problem
11.2. Approach to estimating the isotope production
11.3. Characteristics of plutonium isotope production by the global nuclear power reactors
12. CHARACTERISTICS OF PWR PLUTONIUM
13. CHARACTERISTICS OF BWR PLUTONIUM
14. CHARACTERISTICS OF PHWR PLUTONIUM
15. CHARACTERISTICS OF GCR PLUTONIUM
16. ON THE COMPARISON OF PROLIFERATION RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH REACTOR-GRADE PLUTONIUM
17. COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF REACTOR-GRADE PLUTONIUM
18. UTILIZATION OF RECYCLED URANIUM
18.1. Recycled uranium in nuclear fuel for light-water reactors
18.2. Recycled uranium in nuclear fuel for heavy-water reactors
19. PLUTONIUM TRANSMUTATION IN MOX FUEL
19.1. Transmutation of WGPu in MOX fuel of PWR reactors
19.2. Transmutation of WGPu in MOX fuel of PHWR reactors
19.3. Transmutation of PWR plutonium in MOX fuel for PWR reactors
19.4. Transmutation of PWR plutonium in MOX fuel for PHWR reactors
20. SEPARATION OF GCR PLUTONIUM
20.1. GCR reactors in the United Kingdom
20.2. Separation of GCR plutonium in the United Kingdom
20.3. Separation of GCR plutonium in France
21. PRODUCTION OF REACTOR-GRADE PLUTONIUM AT LOW SNF BURNUP LEVELS
21.1. Plutonium buildup in PWR reactors
21.2. Plutonium buildup in BWR reactors
21.3. Plutonium buildup in PHWR reactors
21.4. Plutonium buildup in GCR reactors
CONCLUSIONS
APPENDIX 1. ESTIMATES OF THE AVERAGE PLUTONIUM CONTENT IN US NUCLEAR WEAPONS
APPENDIX 2. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE UK GCR REACTORS
APPENDIX 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF GCR POWER REACTORS IN FRANCE
ACRONYMS
REFERENCES
SUMMARY
ABOUT THE AUTHORS