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Accident Management for NPPS with RBMK Reactors

ISBN: 978-1-56700-267-6

Accident Management for NPPS with RBMK Reactors

Egidijus Urbonavicius
Laboratory of Nuclear Installation Safety, Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania

Algirdas Kaliatka
Laboratory of Nuclear Installation Safety, Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania

Eugenijus Uspuras
Laboratory of Nuclear Installation Safety, Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos str. 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania

Jurgis Vilemas
Lithuanian Energy Institute, 3 Breslaujos str., LT-44403 Kaunas-35, Lithuania

Описание

Accident Management is very important for prevention and mitigation of severe accidents in Nuclear Power Plants and is widely discussed in the world. The processes that could occur during severe accidents in vessel-type Light Water Reactors are rather well understood, however, some uncertainties remain. The knowledge about severe accidents is used for development of accident management strategies. Most of the Nuclear Power Plants that operate vessel-type reactors in the world have already developed or are developing severe accident management programs. The processes that could occur during severe accidents in channel-type reactors are not so well understood. The Chernobyl disaster demonstrated necessity to achieve the same level of knowledge and to develop accident management programs for RBMK-type reactors as well.

The book has extensive coverage: * whole spectrum of accidents * the severe accident management guidelines * fundamental safety principle * applied management to prevent accidents and 2) if prevention fails, to limit the potential consequences. It also outlines around the world approaches to the accident Management: Westinghouse Owners Group for Pressurized Water Reactors, Boiling Water Reactors, RBMK-1500 reactors, RBMK-1000 reactors, Ignalina NPPs and others.

The information presented in this book was mainly received in the frames of the project "Development of Manual on Management of Beyond Design Basis Accidents at Ignalina NPP" coordinated by the consortium Jacobsen Engineering Ltd (United Kingdom), SCIENTECH Inc. (USA), and Volian Enterprises Inc. (USA) and sponsored by the UK Department of Trading and Industry.



324 pages, © 2010