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Compendium of Mycotherapy
The term mycotherapy was first coined in 1997 by the coauthor of this book, Professor Jan I. Lelley. It refers to the use of fungi and fungal substances in the prevention and treatment of health problems in humans and animals. Over the past 18 years, this form of naturopathy, which has been firmly entrenched in traditional European and Asian medicine for nearly half a century, has been increasingly corroborated through modern, scientific research, gaining considerable importance over time. Preparations made from over a dozen large fungi (macromycetes) are produced by numerous companies and are available as over-the-counter remedies. They are also recommended and prescribed by therapists. The products are classified as dietary supplements.
Part I: The World of Fungi
Important Fungi for the Prevention and Treatment of Health Disorders
Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus spp.)
Royal Sun Agricarus (Agaricus brasiliensis)
Chinese Caterpillar Fungus (Cordyceps sinensis)
Umbrella Polypore (Polyporus umbellatus)
Hedgehog Mushroom (Hericium erinaceus)
Jew's Ear Fungus (Auricularia spp.)
Maitake (Grifola frondosa)
Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)
Reishi or Ling Chih (Ganoderma lucidum)
Turkeytail (Coriolus or Trametes versicolor)
Ink Cap (Coprinus comatus)
Shiitake (Lentinula edodes)
Cultivation of Mushrooms With Healing Properties
Cultivation of Fungi That Naturally Grow on Wood
Cultivation of Fungi That Naturally Grow in Soil
Mycelium Propagation in a Bioreactor and on a Solid Medium
Mycotherapy in Traditional Chinese Medicine and East Asian Medicine
Chinese Caterpillar Fungus
Jew's Ear Fungus
Fungi in Traditional European Medicine
Jew's Ear Fungus.
Other Fungi in Medicine
Use of Fungi in Religion, Shamanism, and Psychoanalysis
Origin and Foundations of Modern Mycotherapy
Pharmacological Efficacy of Large Fungi
Mycotherapy as an Independent Field of Naturopathy
Science at the Interface between Mycology and Medicine
Prophylactic and Therapeutic Effects of Mushrooms
Mushrooms for Prevention
Mushrooms as an Important Nutrient and Foodstuff
Mushrooms from a Weight-Loss Perspective
The Main Nutrients of Edible Mushrooms
Nutrient Density of Mushrooms
Vitamin Content of Mushrooms
Mineral Content of Mushrooms
Taste of Mushrooms
Edible Mushrooms: Only as Fresh Food
Correct Storage of Mushrooms and Mushroom Dishes
Mushrooms for Therapy
Terpenes in Mushrooms
Other Secondary, Therapeutically Effective Ingredients in Mushrooms
Mushroom Powder or Mushroom Extract?
Action and Efficacy
The Special Role of Cordyceps
Part II: The Practice of Mycotherapy
Diseases Affecting the Mouth and Teeth
Overview of Diseases and Health Disorders A–Z
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Hyperactivity in Childhood)
AIDS (HIV Disease)
Alopecia, Areata (Hair Loss in Round Patches)
Alopecia, Diffusa (Hair Loss, Evenly Spread)
Angular Chelitis (Rhagades)
Arthrosis (Pain in the Locomotor Apparatus)
Bedwetting, Night-time (Nocturnal Enuresis)
Bladder Inflammation (Cystitis)
Blood Pressure, High (Hypertension)
Blood Pressure, Low (Hypotension)
Boils and Carbuncles
Cardiac Output, Decreased (Coronary Insufficiency)
Caries (Tooth Decay)
Catarrh (Inflammation of the Mucosa)
Chalazion (Meibomian Gland Lipogranuloma)
Cold, Acute (Flu-Like Infection)
Cold, Common (Acute Rhinitis)
Common Acne and Juvenile Acne (Oil Gland Secretion Disorder)
Desire to Have Children, Unfulfilled
Difficulty Falling Asleep (Dyssomnia)
Emaciation of the Body, Extreme (Cachexia)
Enteritis, Chronic (Crohn‘s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis)
Eyelid Inflammation (Chronic Blepharitis)
Fatty Liver (Hepatic Steatosis)
Frigidity (Sexual Aversion of Women)
Gout (Arthritis Urica)
Hardening of the Arteries (Arteriosclerosis)
Heart, Irritable (Cor Nervosum)
Impotence (Erectile Dysfunction)
Inflammation of the Liver (Hepatitis)
Inflammation of the Oral Mucosa (Stomatitis)
Inflammation of the Urethra (Urethritis)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Irritable Colon)
Irritable Stomach (Gastropathia Nervosa)
Kidney Stones (Nephrolithiasis)
Liver Cirrhosis, Toxic
Ménière‘s Disease (Morbus Ménière)
Menstrual Disorders and Acyclic Bleeding
Mental Irritation and Fatigue (Vegetative Dystonia)
Morning Sickness (Hyperemesis Gravidarum)
Muscle Pain and Myosclerosis (Myalgia and Myogelosis)
Nerve Inflammation and Damage (Polyneuritis and Polyneuropathies)
Nerve Pain (Neuralgia)
Oral Herpes (Herpes Febrilis, Herpes Labialis)
Osteoporosis (Bone Loss)
Periodontosis (Periodontal Diseases)
Prolapse of the Uterus/Vagina
Pulmonary Emphysema (Chronic Lung Disease)
Pyelonephritis, Acute (Acute Kidney Infection)
Rheumatoid Arthritis (Chronic, Progressive Polyarthritis)
Rhinitis, Nonallergic (Vasomotor Rhinitis)
Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
Skin Rash, Acute (Allergic Eczema)
Skin Rash, Itching (Eczema)
Soft-Tissue Rheumatism (Fibromyalgia)
Stye (Chronic, Recurrent Hordeolum)
Sweat Gland Disorders (Hyperhidrosis)
Tinnitus (Ringing in the Ears)
Tonsillitis, Acute (Angina Tonsillaris)
Tumors and Cancer
Water Retention in the Legs (Edema)
Wisdom Teeth, Dentition Problems (Dentitio Difficilis)
Frequently Asked Questions
Do medicinal mushrooms have side effects?
Are there unfavorable interactions between medicinal mushrooms and medicinal products?
Can medicinal mushrooms be taken safely in conjunction with other natural therapies?.
Can antihypertensive drugs be discontinued independently?
Can medicinal mushrooms be taken during chemotherapy?
What points should be noted in relation to hormone therapy and hormone-dependent tumors?
Can medicinal mushrooms be taken with other food supplements?
How does a therapist without much experience recommend the correct medicinal product?.
How should medicinal products be dosed to ensure an optimum effect?
Is it possible to overdose with medicinal mushroom products?
When and how should mushroom products be taken?
What types of medicinal mushroom products are available?
How quickly will results occur?
Does the weight of the capsule say something about the quality?
Can bovine spongiform encephalopathy be transmitted via capsule shells?
How long does treatment with medicinal mushrooms last?
Can the permanent ingestion of medical mushrooms be harmful?
Can several medicinal mushrooms be combined?
Does a tea infusion destroy the ingredients of medicinal mushrooms?
Should diabetics pay attention to bread units in mushroom products?
Can medicinal mushrooms also only be used prophylactically?
Are medicinal mushrooms also suitable for children?
Can medicinal mushrooms be used during pregnancy and while breast-feeding?
What is mycosis?
Can medicinal mushrooms be contaminated or charged?
Is exposure of wild mushrooms to radiation a problem for the culinary use of these mushrooms?