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Heat Exchangers : A Practical Approach to Mechanical Construction, Design, and Calculations

1-56700-117-3 (Print)

Heat Exchangers : A Practical Approach to Mechanical Construction, Design, and Calculations


Heat and mass transfer and storage are the three most significant elements in pressure vessel design. This book, a translation of the original German text, is intended to provide assistance in solving the questions that arise in designing a vessel. The book focuses on tube heat exchangers, which contribute significantly to economic efficiency in the power station circuit. It covers sophisticated heat exchangers subjected to high operating loads from whose design and construction valuable information has been obtained.

217 pages, © 1998


1 Heat Exchangers for Power Stations
1.1 Heat Exchanger Tubes
1.1.1 Erosion and Corrosion-Erosion
1.1.2 Droplet Impact
1.1.3 Corrosion
1.1.4 Crevice Corrosion and Contact Corrosion
1.1.5 Stress Corrosion Cracking
1.1.6 Vibration Damage
1.2 Pressure Shell
1.2.1 Heater Water Box
1.2.2 Heater Shell
1.2.3 Venting of the Steam Space
1.2.4 Drain Cooler
1.3 Vessel Shell
1.3.1 Feedwater Tank and Deaerator
1.4 Multistage Heater
1.5 The Heat Exchanger for Process Heat Recovery
1.5.1 U-tube Steam Generator
1.5.2 Straight-tube Steam Generator
2 Calculation of Structural Stresses Using the Force Method
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Application of the Force Method in the Construction of Heat Transfer Equipment
2.3 Flat Heads
2.4 Dished Heads
2.5 Spherical Shells
2.6 Cylindrical Shells
2.7 Conical Shells
2.8 Tubesheet
2.9 Rings
2.10 Combination of Individual Elements
3 Calculation of Tubesheets
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Design of the Tubesheet According to Standards
3.3 How to Calculate the Perforated Section
3.4 Example of Tubesheet Analysis
4 Design of Flanges for Pressure Vessels
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Bolt Design
4.3 Selection of Gaskets
4.4 Dimensioning Flanges According to Codes
4.5 Dimensioning of Flanges Using the Deformation Calculation
4.6 Structure of the Restraint Diagram
4.7 Causes of Possible Flange Leaks
5 Methods of Fastening Tubes in Tubesheets and Headers
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Welding of Tubes
5.3 Roller Expansion of Tubes
5.4 Hydraulic Expansion of Tubes
5.5 Fastening of Tubes by Explosion
Additional Bibliography
Topical References
List of Standards and Programs
List of Materials