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Imaging in Transport Processes

ISBN Druckformat: 978-1-56700-382-6

This book deals with the analysis and quantification of natural and manmade phenomena which are normally unseen to the eye. The two important tools of the trade are Visualization and Imaging.
Visualization is an old art of transforming normally invisible phenomena into visual events by utilizing, for example, fluid or solid tracers, or by changing wavelengths and refractory techniques. Reynold's original experiments in which colored tracer streaks allowed him to distinguish between laminar and turbulent flows is probably one of the first recorded quantitative visualization studies. Visualization techniques are usually applied to dynamic flow fields and are most powerful in the investigation of fluid mechanics and turbulent structures.
Imaging, similar to Visualization, converts unseen phenomena into visual entities. Generally, Visualization identifies and transforms physical entities into visual elements in the field under study, while Imaging involves recreation of the image of the physical entity from data-sets generated by the various imaging techniques. Obviously, the imaging process involves a visualization stage, which may explain the common interchange of the two terms. Thus, while computerized tomography (CT) is clearly an imaging procedure which utilizes x-rays, the standard x­-ray which is a straight forward Visualization technique showing physical entities is commonly referred to as an imaging procedure.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Imaging and Visualization of Dynamic Fields

VOLUMETRIC VISUALIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR FLUID MECHANICS Lambertus Hesselink, Paul Ning, Thierry Delmarcelle pages 3-19
IMAGING AND ANALYSIS OF DYNAMIC FIELDS Alexander M. Taratorin, Samuel Sideman pages 21-30
RIGID AND NON-RIGID MOTION IN ANALYSIS OF TIME VARYING IMAGERY Christos K. Kirgios, Stanley Dunn, Stacy H. Gwydir pages 31-45

Flow, Heat and Mass Transfer Visualization

IMAGING OF TRANSIENT FLUID FLOW AND THERMAL PHENOMENA IN COMMUNICATING CHANNELS Csilla Herman, Franz Mayinger, Cristina H. Amon, Debangshu Majumdar, Borivoje B. Mikic pages 61-74
VISUALIZATION OF NATURAL CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER FROM A HORIZONTAL CYLINDER BETWEEN TWO VERTICAL PLATES Toshitsugu Hara, Koichi Shibata, Shigeki Tohnosu, Kunio Hijikata pages 109-119
AMENITY PREDICTION SYSTEM FOR AIR-CONDITIONING SPACE BY NUMERICAL SIMULATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS Hisashi Kodama, Sachio Nagamitsu, Yoichi Nagata, Yoshihiro Hattori pages 121-130
ULTRASOUND IMAGING AND FOURIER ANALYSIS OF A VELOCITY FIELD Yasushi Takeda, Jun Sakakibara, Kazuyoshi Ohumura pages 141-153

Visualization by Thermography and Liquid Crystals

HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER IN FALLING FILMS Daisuke Hisajima, Sirajul K. Choudhury, Akira Nishiguchi, Tomihisa Oouchi, Seiichiro Sakaguchi pages 171-181

Image Processing and Transport Visualization at Interfaces

FIELD MEASUREMENTS OF VELOCITY AND TEMPERATURE BY DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING Masanobu Maeda, Jun Sakakibara, Koichi Hishida pages 215-226
FULL FIELD FLOW DIFFUSION MEASUREMENTS BY DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING Antonio Di Monaco, Giancarlo Sassi, Roberto Vanzan pages 227-234
IMAGE SEQUENCE ANALYSIS OF OCEAN WIND WAVES Bernd Jahne, Jochen Klinke, Peter Geissler, Frank Hering pages 257-268
SHAPE FROM SHADING TECHNIQUES FOR SHORT OCEAN WIND WAVES Bernd Jahne, Stefan Waas, Jochen Klinke pages 269-281

Image Processing by Particle Tracking

IMAGE PROCESSING IN GAS-LIQUID-PARTICLE MIXING FLOW Shuichi Torii, Wei-Jei Yang pages 351-363

Imaging of Phase Change

USE OF IMAGE PROCESSING TO STUDY AN EVAPORATING EXTENDED R113 MENISCUS Sunando DasGupta, Peter C. Wayner, Jr. pages 367-377
COUPLED MAP LATTICE MODEL FOR BOILING Tatsuo Yanagita pages 379-385
IMAGE PROCESSING MEASUREMENT OF HEAT TRANSFER FROM A SPHERE IMMERSED IN AIR-WATER TWO-PHASE FLOW WITH A BUBBLING JET Manabu Iguchi, Tomomasa Uemura, Fujio Yamamoto, Zen-Ichiro Morita pages 415-424

Imaging and Analysis of Combustion

ANALYSIS AND CONTROL OF COMBUSTION PROCESSES Hans Burkhardt pages 439-449
FLAME CHARACTERISTICS IN A SMALL DI DIESEL ENGINE EQUIPPED WITH TRANSPARENT PISTON Hajime Fujimoto, Taro Aoyama, Jiro Senda pages 451-462
IMAGING OF SPRAY AND FLAME IN RECIPROCATING ENGINES Takeyuki Kamimoto pages 463-470

Analysis, Imaging and Visualization in Physiological Systems

A MULTISUBSTRATE BLOOD-TISSUE EXCHANGE MODEL FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TRANSIENTS IN CARDIAC TRACER James B. Bassingthwaighte, Richard B. King, Keith Kroll pages 493-508
ECHOCARDIOGRAM IMAGE ANALYSIS WITH NEURAL NETWORKS Evangelia Micheli-Tzanakou, Cheng Yi, Raymond Iezzi Jr., Daniel M. Shindler, John B. Kostis pages 517-524
EVALUATION OF MYOCARDIAL PERFUSION BY CONTRAST ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY Shimon Reisner, Walter Markiewicz, Diana Rinkiewich, Samuel Sideman, Rafael Beyar pages 525-533
REAL-TIME NON-INVASIVE ASSESSMENT OF FLOW USING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING Stephen J. Riederer, Nicholas J. Hangiandreou pages 535-543
NEAR-INFRARED IMAGING IN VIVO Ryuichiro Araki pages 553-564
MONTE CARLO TECHNIQUES IN POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY IMAGING George Tzanakos, Sortiris Pavlopoulos pages 587-600
FEATURES EXTRACTION FROM POTENTIAL MAPS Dan R. Adam, Samuel Sideman pages 601-611
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