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Electrolytes: Interparticle Interactions

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Electrolytes: Interparticle Interactions

G. G. Aseyev
Kharkiv State Institude of Culture, Kharkiv, Ukraine


This book continues the author's work dealing with the investigation, representation, and methods of calculation of the physicochemical properties of binary and multicomponent electrolyte solutions. The mathematical foundations of a theory of ion-ion interactions in concentrated electrolyte solutions are considered at length. The theoretical, semi-empirical, and empirical methods of calculation of the physicochemical parameters of the activity of water, activity coefficients, a decrease in vapor pressure over solutions, the electrical conductivity, viscosity, diffusivity, and some other parameters are analyzed. Tables of experimental data are presented in a wide range of temperatures and mass contents of electrolytes in solution.

753 pages, © 1998


1. General Characteristics of the Problem of Interparticle Interactions in Electrolyte Solutions
1.1 Structural Properties of a Solvent
1.2 The Structure of Electrolyte Solutions and Ionic Solvating
1.3 Effect of Association on the Structural Properties of Electrolyte Solutions
1.4 Quantum-Mechanical Approaches for Description of the Structure of Concentrated Electrolyte Solutions
2. Interparticle Interactions in Concentrated Electrolyte Solutions
2.1 Distribution Function
2.2 Basic Equations for the Theory of Concentrated Solutions in the Stationary State
2.3 Solution of the Equation for the Potential in the Absence of External Fields
2.4 Solvating (Hydration) Interactions in Electrolyte Solutions
2.5 Weak Interactions in Electrolyte Solutions
3. Theory of the Thermodynamic Properties of Concentrated Electrolyte Solutions
3.1 Equation for Activity Coefficients Deduced from the General Theory of Ion-Ion Interaction
3.2 Electrostatic Forces
3.3 Equation for Hydration Forces
3.4 Equation for Weak Interactions
3.5 Formula for the Calculation of the Activity Coefficient
3.6 Thermodynamic Theory of Interparticle Interactions
4. Theory of Transport Properties of Concentrated Electrolyte Solutions (Electrical Conductivity, Viscosity, and Diffusion)
4.1 Theories of Electrical Conductivity
4.2 Viscosity
4.3 Theory of Diffusion
Tables for Section 2
Tables for Section 3
Tables for Section 4