The hydrogen production through photolysis can be
achieved using particular electromagnetic waves: namely,
microwaves and U.V. waves.
To do it in an efficient way a catalyst is needed. This work
studies some promising possibilities linked to the use of
titanium oxides the and copper oxides catalysts.
The process is a degradation process of various hydrogen
compounds that are to be tested with each catalyst to know the
best catalyst-compound matching. The hydrogen compounds
are mixed in a suitable solvent and first exposed to microwaves
and visible light, and later to U.V. waves.
The same hydrogen compounds solution, by loops, passes
through this system for many times and determines the
hydrogen evolution. So the quality and quantity of the gas
produced is analysed and by so doing the efficiency of the
process is determined. At the end the possibility of adding an
electrolysis system for improving the overall efficiency is
Between fuels there is the hydrogen that is a clean fuel and
can be used in a fuel cell producing only electricity, water, and heat.
Hydrogen can be obtained by reforming from
hydrocarbons, or can be produced by electrolyzing water with
produced from a renewable source. Photovoltaic is a renewable source that could provide the electricity to feed an electrolyzer producing hydrogen that obtained in this way can be employed in a fuel cell producing energy.
The objective of many researchers is to split water directly
on the surface of a semiconductor material combining
photovoltaic and electrolyzer process into one unit.
By photoelectrochemical means we can, in principle,
achieve the direct conversion of solar energy into hydrogen as a storable energy source. However, despite high conversion efficiencies obtained in wet solar cells for the conversion into electrical energy using reversible redox systems in the electrolyte, the direct splitting of water using visible light was still not achieved.