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Proceedings of an International Conference on Mitigation of Heat Exchanger Fouling and Its Economic and Environmental Implications

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GAS SIDE FOULING IN REFUSE-WASTE INCINERATORS. prediction of local deposition rates

M. C. van Beek
Eindhoven University of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering section Energy Technology PO Box 513 5600 MB Eindhoven The Netherlands

Camilo C. M. Rindt
Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, P.O.Box 513, 5600MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Anton A. van Steenhoven
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Energy Technology Section, Den Dolech 2, 5600MB, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

J. G. Wijers
Department of chemical engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands


The waste heat recovery boilers as applied in refuse-waste incinerators are susceptible to fouling. On the tube bundles in the boiler deposits are observed ranging from thin and powdery to thick and sintered with large ridges at the upstream side of the tubes. Both type of layers result in a decrease of the overall heat transfer coefficient of a tube bundles of about 27% and a decrease in efficiency for the boiler of 2%. To optimize the geometry of the bundle such that the formation of layers is minimized a model is developed. The model predicts local deposition rates of particles as a function of the geometry and incorporates both the transport and the sticking of these particles to the surface. First results show the formation of a powdery deposit on the upstream as well as the downstream side of the tube just as observed for the industrial case.