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Progress in Plasma Processing of Materials, 1997

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B. Pokrzywka
Mt.Suhora, Observatory of Cracow Pedagogical University, ul. Podchorazych 2, 30-084, Krakow, Poland

K. Musiol
Marian Smoluchowski Inst. of Physics, Jagellonian University, ul. Reymonta 4,30-459 Krakow, Poland

Stephane Pellerin
GREMI, CNRS-Universite d'Orleans, BP 6759, 45067 Orleans Cedex 2, France LASEP, Universite d'Orleans - Antenne de Bourges, BP4043, 18028 Bourges, France

E. Pawelec
Zaklad Fizyki Plazmy, Uniwersytet Opolski, ul. Oleska 48,45-052 Oplole, Poland

J. Chapelle
LASEP, Centre Universitaire de Bourges, Rue Gaston Berger, BP 4043, 18028 Bourges Cedex, France


Several cross-sections of the arc plasma column were observed side-on at different distances from the cathode. The arc was operated in argon at atmospheric pressure with an arc current of 200 A. As a basic diagnostic method we used the Olsen-Richter diagrams. For determination of temperature the Larenz-Fowler-Milne and Boltzmann plot methods were applied. Electron density was measured from the Stark width of the ArI and ArII lines. The continuum intensity was also measured. The equilibrium state of the plasma near the cathode tip is found to be dependent of the axial and radial position. In the hot core, the plasma is in the LTE state. Toward outer zones, the plasma state deviates from LTE. It is caused after all by the ArI ground state overpopulation.