Our work aims to study in an experimental way, including imaging, the impact of alumina droplets plasma sprayed onto dry surfaces. This study is achieved by using a complex
experimental set-up including :
• A controlled atmosphere chamber allowing to study different types of substrate materials. In this chamber is set a plasma torch devoted to the alumina liquid droplets generation.
• An in-flight droplet characterization device including a PDA (droplet velocity and size
measurement) and a fast (100ns) two-color pyrometer. A monochromatic pyrometer is also used in order to check the substrate surface temperature.
• An imaging device is used to observe the droplet impact. It includes a fast numerical camera equipped with a long distance microscope.
The first results obtained with all;lmina particles are in agreement with the Sommerfeld rules that predict the droplet behavior (rebound, deposition, splashing) : splashing occurs for high values of the Sommerfeld parameter K, deposition of the droplet occurs for low values of K. Yet, unexpected phenomena such as splashing at low K are also observed and explained by the important surface roughness and the low surface temperature.