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Physical Chemistry of Aqueous Systems: Meeting the Needs of Industry

ISBN Imprimir: 978-1-56700-034-4

ISBN On-line: 978-1-56700-445-8

Continuing a trend of covering an increasingly wide range of topics associated with water, steam, and high-temperature aqueous systems, the papers of the 12th International Conference on the Properties of Water and Steam materials: metastable states and nucleation, supercooled, superheated and stretched water, molecular modeling of aqueous systems, frontiers of physical chemistry of aqueous solutions, high-temperature aqueous systems including measurement techniques, hydrothermal oxidation, chemical processes in steam cycles, and plant cycle chemistry.

Table of contents

Plenary Lectures

WATER:A TRADITIONAL SOLVENT PREGNANT WITH NEW APPLICATIONS Michael Jerry Antal, Jr. pages 24-32
STATE OF THE ART IN FOSSIL PLANT CYCLE CHEMISTRY B. Dooley, A. Bursik pages 33-47
STATE OF THE ART IN NUCLEAR PLANT CYCLE CHEMISTRY R. Riess, Peter J. Millett pages 48-65

Thermophysical Properties

THE DENSITY AND PHASE BEHAVIOUR OF MIXTURES OF WATER WITH SIMPLE GASES A. Fenghour, W.A. Wakeham, A.C. Scott, J.T.R. Watson pages 86-93
THE STATIC DIELECTRIC CONSTANT OF WATER AND STEAM D.P. Fernandez, A.R.H. Goodwin, R.C. Williams, Y. Mulev, Johanna M.H. Levelt-Sengers, S.G. Penoncello pages 109-116

Calculations of Water and Steam Properties for Industrial Use

A NEW EQUATION OF STATE OF COMPRESSED WATER FOR INDUSTRIAL USE Ichimatsu Tanishita, Jun-ichi Kijima, Kosei Oguchi, Yoshinori Takaishi pages 167-174
NEW THERMODYNAMIC EQUATION OF LIQUID WATER FOR INDUSTRIAL USE Radim Mares, Haruki Sato pages 175-178
A NEW EQUATION OF STATE OF SUPERHEATED STEAM FOR INDUSTRIAL USE Ichimatsu Tanishita, Yoshinori Takaishi, Jun-ichi Kijima, Kosei Oguchi pages 179-185
NEW EQUATIONS OF SATURATION PRESSURE AND SATURATION TEMPERATURE OF ORDINARY WATER SUBSTANCE Kosei Oguchi, Ichimatsu Tanishita, Jun-ichi Kijima, Yoshinori Takaishi, Takaharu Shimizu pages 186-193

Molecular Modeling of Aqueous Systems

SPATIAL STRUCTURE IN LIQUID WATER UNDER NORMAL AND CRITICAL CONDITIONS Igor M. Svishchev, Peter G. Kusalik pages 222-228
SIMPLE POLARIZABLE MODELS FOR WATER Peter G. Kusalik, Igor M. Svishchev pages 229-236
MOLECULAR SIMULATION OF SUPERCRITICAL AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS P.T. Cummings, H.D. Cochran, A.A. Chialvo pages 253-260

Metastable Steam and Nucleation

NEW NUCLEATION THEORIES AND PRINCIPLE OF MINIMUM ENTROPY PRODUCTION Frantisek Marsik, Pavel Sopuch, J. Blaha pages 278-285

Supercooled, Superheated and Stretched Water

CLATHRATE STRUCTURES AND THE ANOMALIES OF SUPERCOOLED WATER Christopher M. Sorensen pages 308-316
SPECTROSCOPIC EVIDENCE OF AGGREGATIVE PROPERTIES IN DEEPLY SUPERCOOLED WATER S. Magazu, G. Maisano, D. Majolino, P. Migliardo pages 317-324
THE ENTROPY OF GLASSY WATER Robin J. Speedy, Pablo G. Debenedetti, C. Huang, R. Scott Smith, Bruce D. Kay pages 347-354
PHASE BEHAVIOR OF SIMULATED METASTABLE WATER: A NEW THERMODYNAMIC SCENARIO Francesco Sciortino, U. Essmann, P.H. Poole, H. Eugene Stanley pages 355-362
LIMITS OF STABILITY OF METASTABLE WATER: RESULTS FROM LATTICE MODELS OF WATER Srikanth Sastry, Francesco Sciortino, H. Eugene Stanley, Steven S. Borick, Pablo G. Debenedetti pages 363-369
PHYSICAL LIMIT TO THE STABILITY OF SUPERHEATED AND STRETCHED WATER S.B. Kiselev, Johanna M.H. Levelt-Sengers, Q. Zheng pages 378-385
RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY OF SUPERCOOLED WATER AT HIGH PRESSURES N. Karger, M.G. Sceats, H.-D. Ludemann pages 386-392

High Temperature Measurement Techniques

SPONTANEOUS RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY FOR POWER PLANTS W.E. Allmon, Wilbur S. Hurst, Walter J. Bowers, Jr., Vern E. Bean, Peter J. Millett pages 405-415
POTENTIOMETRIC STUDIES AT ORNL WITH HYDROGEN ELECTRODE CONCENTRATION CELLS Donald A. Palmer, R.E. Mesmer, David J. Wesolowski pages 423-431
ADVANCES IN MEASURING CHEMISTRY PARAMETERS IN HIGH TEMPERATURE AQUEOUS SYSTEMS Leo B. Kriksunov, Digby D. Macdonald pages 432-440
HIGH TEMPERATURE pH MEASUREMENTS IN DILUTE AQUEOUS AMMONIA SOLUTIONS Serguei N. Lvov, Giorgio Perboni, Maria Broglia pages 441-448

Frontiers of Physical Chemistry of Aqueous Solutions

STRUCTURES OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS OF ALCOHOLS: NEW RESULTS FROM NEUTRON SCATTERING. John L. Finney, Alan K. Soper, Jacky Turner pages 468-473
STRUCTURES OF WATER AND AQUEOUS LiCl SOLUTIONS IN SUB- AND SUPER-CRITICAL STATE BY X-RAY AND NEUTRON DIFFRACTION T. YAMAGUCHI, K. YAMANAKA, H. OHZONO, M. YAMAGAMI, H. WAKITA pages 474-481
WATER STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION EFFECTS OF THE PEO­WATER SYSTEM S. Magazu, G. Maisano, D. Majolino, P. Migliardo pages 482-488
IONS IN STEAM AND IN AQUEOUS CLUSTERS Daniel LARIA, Roberto FERNANDEZ-PRINI pages 489-496
AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE MODELING IN ASPEN PLUS™ G.F. Bloomingburg, J.M. Simonson, R.C. Moore, H.D. Cochran, R.E. Mesmer pages 497-504
THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE SOLUTIONS A.A. Alexandrov, Kh.D. Tsatsuryan pages 526-532

Hydrothermal Oxidation

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE PVTX-PROPERTIES OF THE BINARY SYSTEM CARBON DIOXIDE-WATER IN THE SUPERCRITICAL RANGE I.M. Abdulagatov, A.R. Bazaev, A.E. Ramazanova, R.K. Gasanov pages 558-564
THE NaCl-Na2SO4-H2O SYSTEM IN SUPERCRITICAL WATER OXIDATION Glenn T. Hong, Fred J. Armellini, Jefferson W. Tester pages 565-572
SUPERCRITICAL WATER OXIDATION KINETICS: A TALE OF TWO APPROACHES Phillip E. Savage, Sudhama Gopalan pages 581-588
HYDROTHERMAL OXIDATION OF PHENOL Theodore Mill, Indira Jayaweera, David Yao, David S. Ross pages 589-594
SOLVATION OF SPECIES OF VARYING POLARITY IN SUPERCRITICAL WATER: A COMPUTER SIMULATION STUDY P.B. Balbuena, L.W. Flanagin, K.P. Johnston, P.J. Rossky pages 595-601
REDUCTION OF NITRATE AND NITRITE SALTS UNDER HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS B.R. Foy, P.C. Dell'Orco, E. Wilmanns, R. McInroy, J. Ely, J.M. Robinson, S.J. Buelow pages 602-609
SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF REACTIONS IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION AT HIGH TEMPERATURE/PRESSURE Thomas B. Brill, M.L. KIEKE, J.W. SCHOPPELREI pages 610-616
SPONTANEOUS RAMAN AND CARS SPECTROSCOPY OF SUPERCRITICAL WATER COMBUSTION M. RIDDER, T. DREIER, G. SCHIFF, A.A. SUVERNEV pages 617-624
HYDROTHERMAL OXIDATION OF AMMONIUM BY NITRATE: A RAMAN SPECTROSCOPIC STUDY Lawrence E. Bowman, John L. Fulton pages 625-631
SUPERCRITICAL WATER OXIDATION OF CHEMICAL AGENTS, PROPELLANTS, AND OTHER DOD HAZARDOUS WASTES D.A. Hazlebeck, K.W. Downey, D.D. Jensen, M.H. Spritzer pages 632-637
CORROSION IN SUPERCRITICAL WATER OXIDATION SYSTEMS D.B. Mitton, J.C. Orzalli, R.M. Latanision pages 638-643
OPTICAL MONITORING OF THE OXIDATION OF METHANE IN SUPERCRITICAL WATER Richard R. Steeper, Steven F. Rice pages 652-659
OPTICAL PROBING OF HYDROTHERMAL REACTIONS AND FLOW PATTERNS IN A HIGH-PRESSURE FLOW REACTOR Henning Ochel, Vern E. Bean, Walter J. Bowers, Jr., Ronald W. Davis, Wilbur S. Hurst pages 660-668

Chemical Processes in Steam Cycles

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BOILER WATER-STEAM DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENTS AND DISSOCIATION CONSTANTS OF CONTAMINANTS G.V. Vasilenko, V.I. Zarembo, A.A. Slobodov, R.B. Dooley pages 685-691
STEAM NUCLEATION MODELS FOR IMPURE STEAM: EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES F. Sigon, P. Pinacci, M. Cociani pages 692-702
CONDENSATION EFFECTS IN TRANSONIC FLOW THROUGH TURBINE CASCADE Miroslav STASTNY, Miroslav SEJNA pages 711-719
INVESTIGATIONS ON THE EARLY CONDENSATE IN STEAM TURBINES R. Svoboda, H. Sandmann, S. Romanelli, M. Bodmer pages 720-729
PRELIMINARY STUDY ON PRECONCENTRATION OF NaOH IN STEAM DUE TO EARLY CONDENSATION T. Mizuno, K. Kato, K. Ohta, N. Shimizu pages 730-735

Plant Cycle Chemistry

ASSUMPTION OF BOILER SCALE GROWTH RATE IN OXYGENATED WATER TREATMENT J. Izumi, T. Morimoto, S. Tsubakizaki, S. Tsunoda, H. Ohta, M. Ishibashi, T. Gengo pages 744-758
EFFECT OF BOILER FEEDWATER QUALITY ON BOILER TUBE UNDER CONDITIONS OF OXYGENATED WATER TREATMENT Y. Takano, H. Fukusima, F. Yamaguchi, K. Miwa, J. Satoh, H. Uchida pages 759-766
DEPOSITION IN POWER PLANTS - MECHANISMS AND IMPACT Bryan K. Warwood, Frank Roe, John Sears pages 767-774
PERSPECTIVES IN VVER PRIMARY COOLANT TECHNOLOGY Milan ZMITKO, Jan KYSELA pages 791-799
DETERMINATION OF LOW-LEVEL CARBONIC ACID IN THE STEAM-CONDENSATE CYCLES OF FOSSIL AND NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Sylvie Charbonneau, Roland Gilbert, Louis Lepine, Jan Stodola pages 816-823

Alternative Power Cycles

STANDARD THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE AMMONIA-WATER BINARY FLUID Daniel G. Friend, Amy L. Olson, Adam Nowarski pages 854-861
OTEC SYSTEM USING A NEW CYCLE WITH ABSORPTION AND EXTRACTION PROCESSES Haruo Uehara , Yasuyuki Ikegami, Tetsuya NISHIDA pages 862-869
Appendix I: IAPWS Releases and Guidelines D.B. Neumann, H.J. White, Jr., J.V. Sengers, R.B. Dooley pages A1-A165
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